Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine

ISSN: 2300-9705     eISSN: 2353-2807
CC BY-SA   Open Access 

Lista wydań / Vol. 10, No. 2/2015
Distances Covered above and below the Anaerobic Threshold by Professional Football Players in Different Competitive Conditions

Rok wydania:2015
Liczba stron:7 (25-31)
Słowa kluczowe: football autumn round spring round covered distance anaerobic threshold Bundesliga
Autorzy: Marcin Andrzejewski
Department of Recreation, University School of Physical Education, Poznań, Poland

Jan Chmura
Department of Athletes Motor Skills, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland

Paweł Chmura
Department of Team Games, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland

Marek Konefał
Department of Athletes Motor Skills, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland

Edward Kowalczuk
Football Club, Hannover 96, Robert-Enke-Str. 1, Germany

Andrzej Rokita
Department of Team Games, University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland


In modern endurance training information about an athlete’s performance below and above the anaerobic threshold is crucial. The aim of the present study was a comparative analysis of the total distance covered by football players in two rounds of the 2013/1014 playing season. Furthermore, the study also assessed the performance of elite Bundesliga players during competitive matches, above and below the running speed of 4 m·s –1, corresponding to the level of anaerobic threshold (AT). The players’ mean body height was 183.00 ±6.44 cm, body mass 78.19 ±7.42 kg, and mean age was 27.99 ±3.47 years. The analysis was carried using the Impire AG motion analysis system on the basis of official match reports from the Deutscher Fußball-Bund (DFB). The study revealed that the total distance covered by the players in match-play was significantly shorter in the second round of the playing season. The distance covered by the players below the AT is significantly shorter in the spring round than in the autumn round, while the distance covered above the AT shows a reverse, although non-significant tendency. In the spring round the volume of players’ work performed above the anaerobic threshold is greater than the volume of exercise performed below the AT.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu


1.Bangsbo J., Mohr M., Krustrup P. Physical and metabolic demands of training and match-play in the elite football player. J Sports Sci. 2006; 24: 665–674.
2.Bishop D.J., Girard O. Determinants of team-sport performance: implications for altitude training by team-sport athletes. Br J Sports Med. 2013; 47 Suppl 1: i17–21.
3.Bunc V., Psota R. Physiological profile of young soccer players. J. Sports Med. Phys. Fitness 2001; 41: 337–341.
4.Chmura J, Nazar K. Parallel changes in the onset of blood lactate accumulation (OBLA) and threshold of psychomotor performance deterioration during incremental exercise after training in athletes. Int J Psychophysiol. 2010; 75 (3): 287–290.
5.Di Salvo V., Baron R., Tschan H., Calderon Montero F.J., Bachl N., Pigozzi F. Performance characteristics according to playing position in elite soccer. Int J Sports Med. 2007; 28: 222–227.
6.Gibson N., Currie J., Johnston R., Hill J. Relationship between measures of aerobic fitness, speed and repeated sprint ability in full and part time youth soccer players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2013; 53 (1): 9–16.
7.Helgerud J., Engen L.C., Wisløff U., Hoff, J. Aerobic endurance training improves soccer performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001; 33: 1925–1931.
8.Janssen P. Lactate Threshold Training. Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL 2001.
9.Jastrzębski Z., Dargiewicz R., Ignatiuk W., Radzimiński Ł., Rompa P., Konieczna A. Lactate Threshold Changes in Soccer Players During the Preparation Period. Balt J Health Phys Act. 2011; 3 (2): 96–104.
10.Kalapotharakos V.I., Ziogas G., Tokmakidis S.P. Seasonal aerobic performance variations in elite soccer players. J Strength Cond Res. 2011; 25 (6): 1502–1507.
11.Karakoç B., Akalan C., Alemdaroğlu U., Arslan E. The relationship between the yo-yo tests, anaerobic performance and aerobic performance in young soccer players. J Hum Kinet. 2012; 35: 81–88.
12.Keul J., Dickhuth H., Berg A., Lehman M., H Leistungssport. 1981; 5: 382–388.
13.Kindermann W., Gabriel H., Coen B., Urhausen A. Sportmedizinische Leistungsdiagnostik in Fußball. Dtsch. Z. Sportmed. 1993; 44: 232–236.
14.Kozłowski S., Nazar K., editors. Wprowadzenie do fizjologii klinicznej [Introduction to clinical physiology]. Warszawa: PZWL; 1999.
15.Krustrup P., Mohr M., Steensberg A., Bencke J., Kjaer M., Bangsbo J. Muscle and blood metabolites during a soccer game: implications for sprint performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2006; 38: 1165–1174.
16.Manzi V., Impellizzeri F., Castagna C. Aerobic fitness ecological validity in elite soccer players: a metabolic power approach. J Strength Cond Res. 2014; 28 (4): 914–919.
17.Meylan C., Malatesta D. Effects of in-season plyometric training within soccer pratice on explosive actions of young players. J Strength Cond Res. 2009; 23: 2605–2613.
18.Mújica I., Santiesteban J., Castagna C. In-season effect of short-term sprint and power training programs on elite junior soccer players. J Strength Cond Res. 2009; 23: 2581–2587.
19.Radzimiński Ł., Rompa P., Dargiewicz R., Ignatiuk W., Jastrzębski Z. An Application of Incremental Running Test Results to Train Professional Soccer Players. Balt J Health Phys Act. 2010; Vol 2, No 1: 67–74.
20.Rampinini E., Impellizzeri F.M., Castagna C., Coutts A.J., Wisløff U. Technical performance during soccer matches of the Italian Serie A league: Effect of fatigue and competitive level. J Sci Med Sport. 2009; 12(1): 227–233.
21.Requena B., González-Badillo J.J., Saez de Villarreal E.S., Ereline J., García I., Gapeyeva H., Pääsuke M. Functional performance, maximal strength, and power characteristics in isometric and dynamic actions of lower extremities in soccer players. J Stren
22.Silva A.S.R., Santhiago V., Papoti M., Gobatto C.A. Hematological parameters and anaerobic threshold in Brazilian soccer players throughout a training program. Int J Lab Hem. 2007; 30: 158–166.
23.Stølen T., Chamari K., Castagna C., Wisløff U. Physiology of soccer: an update. Sports Med. 2005; 35 (6): 501–536.
24.Śliwowski R., Andrzejewski M., Wieczorek A., Barinow-Wojewódzki A., Jadczak L., Adrian S., Pietrzak M., Wieczorek S. Changes in the anaerobic threshold in an annual cycle of sport training of young soccer players. Biol Sport. 2013; 30 (2): 137–143.
25.Strøyer J., Hansen L., Hansen K. Physiological profile and activity pattern of young soccer players during match play. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004; 36: 168–174.
26.Thomas A., Dawson B., Goodman C. The Yo–Yo Test: reliability and association with a 20–m shuttle run and VO2max. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2006; 1: 137–149.
27.Thomassen T.O., Halvari H. A hierarchical model of approach achievement motivation and effort regulation during a 90-min. soccer match. Percept Mot Skills. 2007; 105 (2): 609–635.
28.Tiedemann T., Francksen T., Latacz-Lohmann U. Assessing the performance of German Bundesliga football players: a non-parametric metafrontier approach. Cent Europ J Oper Re. 2011; 19 (4): 571–587.
29.Ziogas G.G., Patras K.N., Stergiou N., Georgoulis A.D. Velocity at lactate threshold and running economy must also be considered along with maximal oxygen uptake when testing elite soccer players during preseason. J Strength Cond Res. 2011; 25 (2): 414–41