Współczesne Problemy Ekonomiczne

Wcześniej: Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Współczesne Problemy Ekonomiczne : Globalizacja. Liberalizacja. Etyka

ISSN: 2081-9579     eISSN: 2353-2815    OAI    DOI: 10.18276/wpe.2017.14-06
CC BY-SA   Open Access 

Lista wydań / nr 14 (2017)
Comparative analysis of Fiber-to-the-Home market liberalization in the EU: The case of Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands

Autorzy: Idongesit Williams
CMI, Aalborg University
Słowa kluczowe: FTTH liberalization broadband market Internet infrastructure Internet regulation
Rok wydania:2017
Liczba stron:24 (89-112)
Klasyfikacja JEL: D04 D51 L86 L96 O52 O57
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:


The penetration of Fiber-to-the-Home (FTTH) in the EU is low. This is because deploying FTTH is capital intensive. The liberalization of the FTTH market in three EU countries is studied in this paper. The aim is to identify the challenges that affect the growth of FTTH in the EU. This is a qualitative study. The Actor Network Theory is used to study the Obligatory Passage Points (OPP) in these markets. SWOT analysis is used as analytical tools to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in these markets – with respect to the OPPs. Based on the outcome of the study, this paper concludes that competition at the wholesale market aspect of the FTTH market should be given more priority than competition at the retail section of the Fiber-to-the-Home market. This prioritization in regulating competition will enable greater market penetration of Fiber-to-the-Home infrastructure.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu


1.Ahl, K. (2013). Sweden puts in the Fibre in Innovation. FTTh Council Europe.
2.Berlingske Business (2012). Salg af Dansk Bredbånd udløser giganttab. Retrieved from: (5.06.2016).
3.Blackman, C., Srivastava, L. (2011). Telecommunications Regulations Handbook: Tenth Anniversary Edition. ITU/InfoDev/World Bank.
4.BMWI (2009). The Federal Government’s Broadband Strategy. Retrieved from:,property=pdf,bereich=bmwi,sprache=en,rwb=true.pdf (6.06.2015).
5.Bourreau, M., Cambini, M., Hoernig, S. (2012). Ex ante regulation and co-investment in the transition to next generation access. Telecommunications Policy, 36 (2012), 399.
6.Bredbånd Nord (2016). Hvem er Bredbånd Nord. Retrieved from: (5.06.2016).
7.BreInstrup, T. (2012). Dansk Bredbånd solgt til elselskaber. Retrieved from: (5.06.2015).
8.Callon, M. (1986). Some elements of a sociology of translation: Domestication of the Scallops and the Fishermen of St Brieuc Bay. In: L. John. Power, Action and Belief: A new sociology of Knowlegde (pp. 196–223). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
9.Cave, M. (2009). Regulating Telecommunications in Europe: Present and future. In: W.H. Lehr, L.M. Pupillo. Internet Policy and Economics (pp. 15–28). Springer.
10.Christopoulos, A.S., Mylonakis, J., Vergo, K. (2009). The Liberlization Process of telecommunications and the role of the national regulatory autnorities in pricing policy: a case study of Greece. Problems and Pespectives in Mangement, 7 (2), 61–70.
11.Crawford, C. (2004). Actor Network Theory. A-Ritzer Encyclopedia. Sage Publications.
12.De Bijl, P.W. (2011). Broadband Policy in the light of the Dutch Experience with Telecommunications Liberalization. CPB Dis169cussion Paper, pp. 1–38.
13.EC (2001). Use of EC competition rules in the liberlization of European Union’s Telecommunications sector. Retrieved from: (5.08.2016).
14.EC (2010). Sweden. Retrieved from: (5.08.2016).
15.EPEC (2012). Broadband delivering Next generation access through PPP. Luxembourg: European PPP Expertise Centre.
16.EU (2015). Broadband Coverage in Europe 2014. London: IHS VVA Consulting.
17.European Commission (2013). Digital Agenda for Europe. Retrieved from:
18.Falch, M., Anders, M., Tadayoni, R., Williams, I. (2016). New Investment models for Broadband in Denmark and Sweden. Journal of NBICT, 1, 1–18.
19.Forzati, M., Mattsson, C. (2015). Technical and economic analysis of fiber-based broadband technologies in Stockholm FTTH s. FTTB. Acreo Swedish ICT Promemoria.
20.FTTH Council (2016). Breaking News from the FTTH conference 2016: Croatia, Germany and Poland join the FTTH Ranking. Retrieved from:
21.FTTH Council Europe (2009). Denmark Sees the light:90% increase in the Fibre-to- the-Home subscribers in the past year. Retrieved from: (5.06.2016).
22.FTTH Council Europe (2011). Waoo! A fast – emerging Brand in Denmark’s fiber-access sector. Retrieved from: (5.06.2016).
23.FTTH Council Europe (2015). FTTH Subscribers in Europe: nearly 15 million homes! Retrieved from: (5.07.2016).
24.Godlovitch, I., Henseler-Unger, I., Stumpf, U. (2015). Competition & investment: An analysis of the drivers of superfast broadband. Bad Honnef: Wik Consult.
25.Hultkrantz, L. (2002). Telecommunication Liberlization in Sweden: Is “Intermediate” regulation viable? Swedish Economic Policy, 9, 133–161.
26.Indesteege, D. (2010). The Netherlands – Infrastructure and Co-Investment. Sarajevo: Cullen International.
27.ITU (2002). Competition Policy in Telecommunications: The case of Denmark. ITU.
28.ITU (2015). ICT Facts and Figures. Switzerland: ITU.
29.Kaiser, R. (2001). Multi-Level Governance and Global market liberlization: The Interdependence of National, European and Multilateral telcommunication policies. ECSA’s Seventh Biennial International Conference madison, Wisconsin, May 31-June 2 2001, (pp. 1–24). Madison.
30.Kildebogaard, J. (2012). TDC: Danskerne er ligeglade med fiber. Retrieved from: (5.09.2016).
31.Kramer, R.D., Lopez, A., Koonen, A.M. (2006). Municipal broadband access networks in the Netherlands – three successful cases, and how New Europe may benefit. AcessNets ‘06 Proceedings of the 1st international conference on Access networks 4–6 September 2006 .Athens-Greece: ACM.
32.Latour, B. (1996). On Actor-Network Theory: A few clarifications. Soziale Welt, 47 (4), 369–381.
33.Latour, B. (2005). Reassembling the Social. New York: Oxford university press.
34.Law, J. (1992). Notes on the Theory of the Actor Network: Ordering, Strategy and Heterogeneity. Systems Practice, 5 (4), 379–393.
35.Lindskog, H., Johansson, M. (2005). Broadband: A municipal Information Platform: Swedish experience. International Journal for Technology Management, 31 (1/2), 47–62.
36.Marcus, J.S., Elixmann, D., Wernick, C. (2009). Next Generation Networks. Directorate-General for Internal Policies.
37.Mayer-Schonberger, V., Strasser, M. (1999). A closer look at telecom deregulation: The European Advantage. Havard Journal of Law & Technology, 12 (3), 562–587.
38.Morris, A. (2016). Report: Netherlands best in Europe for LTE coverage, but Hungary takes speed crown. Retrieved from:
39.National IT and Telecom Agency (2009). Broadband regulatory in Denmark. TRIS Workshop. National IT and Telecom Agency.
40.OECD (1998). Netherlands – The role of Competition policy in regulatory reform. OECD.
41.Orbion (2016). Electrical and Fiber Networks for Household FTTH Access: A summary of Swedish experience. Retrieved from: (5.09.2016).
42.Pedersen, J.M., Riaz, T.M. (2009). Bringing Fiber to the Home to rural areas in Denmark. 2nd International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical Communication Technologies, 24 27 Nov 2009 (pp. 1–6). Bratislava: IEEE.
43.Pelkams, A., Renda, A. (2011). Single EComms Market? No such thing. Namur CRID conference on Telecoms: “The Digital Single Market as EU Telecoms Cindarella”. CEPS Policy Brief.
44.Regeringskansliet (2011). ICT for Everyone – A digital Agenda for Sweden. Stockholm: Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications.
45.Regeringskansliet (2014). Broadband Strategy for Sweden. Stockholm: Ministry of Enterprise Energy and Communications Sweden.
46.Sadowski, B.M., de Rooij, M., Smits, J. (2006). State Aid, OPen Access and Market size: Two cases of FTTH Network Implementation In Dutch Municipalities. Eindhoven Centre for Innovation Studies, The Netherlands, Working Paper 06.09, pp. 2–26.
47.Sadowski, B., Nucciarelli, A., de Rooij, M. (2009). Providing Incentives for Private Investment in Municipal Broadband Networks: Evidence from the Netherlands. Telecommunications Policy, 33 (10–11), 582–595.
48.Shin, D.E., Venkatesh, M. (2008). The Political economy of convergence. Jovnost – The Public, 15 (1), 23–38.
49.Shin, D.Y. (2015). Analyzing the development of 4th Generation mobile in China: Actor Network perspective. Info, 17 (1), 22–38.
50.Van Gorp, A., Middleton, C. (2010). Fiber to the HomeUnbundling and retail competition: Developments in the Netherlands. Communications and Strategies, 72 (2nd quarter), 1–21.
51.Williams, I. (2015). Analysis of Public Private Interplay Frameworks in the Development of Rural Telecommunications Infrastructure: A Multi-Case Study. Aalborg: Aalborg University Press.