Nowa Krytyka : czasopismo filozoficzne

ISSN: 0867-647X     DOI: 10.18276/nk.2015.35-04
CC BY-SA   Open Access 

Lista wydań / 35 rok 2015
Qui perd gagne, czyli przegrany wygrywa. Szkic z Sartre’owskiej fenomenologii spojrzenia

Rok wydania:2015
Liczba stron:19 (61-79)
Słowa kluczowe: uprzedmiotowienie Sartre Merleau-Ponty fantazmat Lacan pragnienie wolność konflikt subiektywność relacja Inny spojrzenie le regard fenomenologia percepcji fenomenologia ciała jouissance
Autorzy: Greta Julianna Wierzbińska
Uniwersytet Jagielloński

Abstrakt

In Being and Nothingness Sartre develops a phenomenology of the ‘lived body’ that aims both to acknowledge the necessity that consciousness be embodied, and to accommodate the central phenomenological consequences of this embodiment, without compromising the radical freedom of the for-itself. Aim of this paper is exploration of the question of the relation between two different subjects in J.P. Sartre’s phenomenology. The relation between me and the other is based on a constant conflict, according to Sartre it has not cognitive but existential character. I would explore one of the basic concepts of Sartre theory, namely “le regard”, (the look). Looking at someone, meeting one’s eyes is always a kind of astonishement, shocking in its radicality. Can I know the Other without degrading or objectifying him? Can the Other know me? Can I look at the Other without the risk of reducing him/her to être-en-soi? I would show that the experience of desire (especially sexual one) and affection is bound up with the clash of interpersonal perspectives involved in our transactions with the Other as well as with the question of freedom. In the case of infatuation, in Sartre’s view, it is considered as an invitation to bad faith. Sartre offers a rethinking and critique of basic philosophical positions concerning the concept of perception presented by Husserl and Merleau-Ponty. He holds that desire and distance inform the concept of “life”. Levinas identified a similar structure in Descartes’s notion of the infinite. By mentioning Lacan and Merleau Ponty conceptions I would try to elaborate and extend the formal structure of desire and distance by drawing on motifs as yet unexplored in the French phenomenological tradition, especially the notions of “lived-body” which is prominent in the later Husserl but also appear in non-phenomenological thinkers such as Bergson.

Bibliografia

1.Foucault M. 1998. Nadzorować i karać. Narodziny więzienia, Warszawa
2.Lacan J. 1975. Seminarium I, Les écrits techniques de Freud (S I),1953–1954, Paris
3.Levinas E. 1998. Całość i nieskończoność. Esej o zewnętrzności, Warszawa
4.Merleau-Ponty M. 1964. Le visible et l`invisible, Paris
5.Merleau-Ponty M. 1996. Widzialne i niewidzialne, Warszawa
6.Merleau-Ponty M. 2001. Fenomenologia percepcji, Warszawa
7.Sartre J.-P. 2007. Byt i Nicość, Kraków
8.Sartre J.-P. 1992. Intymność i inne opowiadania, Łódź
9.Žižek S. 2003. Patrząc z ukosa. Do Lacana przez kulturę popularną, Warszawa