Acta Politica Polonica

Previously: Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Acta Politica

ISSN: 2451-0432     eISSN: 2719-4388    OAI    DOI: 10.18276/ap.2021.51-04
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ  ERIH PLUS

Issue archive / 1/2021 (51)
International organizations as sui generis subjects of international law

Authors: Marko Aćić
University of Business Studies, Banja Luka
Keywords: international organizations responsibility constitutive elements subjectivity jurisdiction supranationalism
Year of publication:2021
Page range:16 (51-66)
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:

Abstract

This paper deals in detail with the concept and the most important characteristics of international organizations as subjects of international law. Aware of the fact that a lot has already been written about this sui generis subject of international law, we will try to contribute to an even better understanding of this complex concept in a study carried out with the method of functional analysis and induction. This will be done by emphasizing the importance of constitutive elements, subjectivity, responsibilities, jurisdiction, and supranationalism of international organizations. We will also propose, as an expression of freedom of scientific thought, some de lege ferenda solutions related to the work of officials in international organizations, all with the aim of further progressive development of international law. In particular, the synthetic and comparative method will support a set of hypotheses and emphasize the supranationalism of international organizations, exemplified by the practice of the EU functioning.
Download file

Article file

Bibliography

1.Agreement between the United Nations and the United States Regarding the Headquarters of the United Nations Signed June 26, 1947, and Approved by the General Assembly October 31, 1947(1). Retrieved from: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/decad036.asp (7.01.2021).
2.Ahlborn, C. (2011). The Rules of International Organizations and Law of International Responsibility. Amsterdam: Amsterdam Center for International Law.
3.Amerasinghe, C.F. (1996). Principles of International Law of International Organizations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
4.Amerasinghe, C.F. (2005). Principles of International Law of International Organizations, 2nd rev. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
5.Andrassy, J. (1976). Međunarodno pravo. 6th ed. Zagreb.
6.Avramov, S., Kreća, M. (2003). Medjunarodno javno pravo. Beograd: Savremena Administracija.
7.Bartoš, M. (1956). Međunarodno javno pravo, Vol. 1. Beograd: JIP Kultura.
8.Bowett, D.W. (1970). The Law of International Institutions, 2nd ed. London: F.A. Praeger.
9.Brownlie, I. (1990). Principles of Public International Law. Oxford, New York: Clarendon Press.
10.Convention of the Privileges and Immunities of the UN Adopted 1946 (2005). “UN Treaty Series”, Vol. 1, 16–33. Retrieved from: https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%2011/v11.pdf (10.01.2021).
11.Daurgidas, K. (2014). Reputation as the Responsibility of International Organizations. European Journal of International Law, 25 (4), 991–1010. Retrieved from: http://www.ejil.org/pdfs/25/4/2543.pdf. (6.01.2021).
12.Declaration of the United Nations. Retrieved from: http://www.tuzilastvorz.org.rs/html_trz/PROPISI/povelja_un_lat.pdf (10.01.2021).
13.Duxbury, A. (2011). The Participation of States in International Organization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
14.Dimitrijević, V., Račić O. (2011). Međunarodne organizacije. Beograd: Pravni Fakultet, Univerzitet Union i Službeni Glasnik.
15.Dimitrijević, V., Račić, O., Đerić, V., Papić, T., Petrović, V., Obradović, S. (2007). Osnovi Međunarodnog Javnog Prava. Beograd: Beogradski Centar Za Ljudska Prava.
16.International Court of Justice. Retrieved from: http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/4/1837.pdf (11.01.2021).
17.Janev, I. (2009). Statutarno uređenje međunarodnih organizacija. Beograd: Institut Za Političke Studije.
18.Jeličić, B., Dragutinović, Lj. (2013). Naddržavne organizacije kao subjekti međunarodnih odnosa. Novi Sad: CIVTAS.
19.Jones, G.H.F. Legal Personality and the Responsibility of International Organizations. Retrieved from:http://www.otago.ac.nz/law/research/journals/otago065260.pdf (3.01.2021).
20.Klabbers, J. (2002). An Introduction to International Institutional Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
21.Lach, M. (2015). International Organizations. Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law. The Hague Academy of International Law. Retrieved from: http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/the-hagueacademy-collected-courses/international-organizations-169-ej.9789024729760.009_377.10 (4.01.2021).
22.Lapaš, D. (2012). Nevladini entiteti pred vratima međunarodnopravnog subjektiviteta. Zagreb: Zbornik Pravnog Fakulteta u Zagrebu.
23.Lauterpacht, H. (1953). Report on the Law of Treaties. Special Rappourter A/CN.4/63. Extract from the Yearbook of the International Law Commission, 1953, Vol. 2. Retrieved from: http://legal.un.org/ilc/documentation/english/a_cn4_63.pdf (4.01.2021).
24.Maclaine Watson & Co. Ltd vs. International Tin Council-ITC, judgement of 26 October 1989, House of Lords, International Legal Materials, No. 29, 1980, 675 676.
25.Mijović, Lj. (1996). Pravni aspekti uticaja međunarodnih organizacija na državnu suverenost. Banja Luka: Magistarski Rad.
26.Miščević, T. (2012). Nova era međunarodnih organizacija. Beograd: Službeni Glasnik.
27.Nollkemper, A., Jacobs, D. (2011). Shared Responsibility in International Law: A Conceptual Framework. Amsterdam: SHARES Research Paper 03-2011, ACIL 2011-07, 4.
28.Račić, O., Dimitrijević, V. (1980). Međunarodne organizacije. Beograd: Savremena Administracija. Reparation for Injuries Suffered in the Service of the UN (1949), Advisory Opinions, I.C.J. Reports.
29.Report of the ILC on the Work of its Fifty–Forth session (2002), Vol. 2, YILC No. 93.
30.Runić, Lj. Međunarodne organizacije i međunarodna odgovornost. Retrieved from: http://www.jura.kg.ac.rs/index.php/sr/11l4.htm (8.01.2021).
31.Runić, Lj. Međunarodnopravna odgovornost država članica za akte međunarodnih organizacija. Retrieved from: http://www.hrcak.srce.hr/index.php2show=clanak&id_clanak (8.01.2021).
32.Schermers, H.G. (1980). International Institutional Law. Sijthoff and Nordhoff.
33.Schermers, H.G., Blokker, N.M. (1995). International Institutional Law, 3rd rev. ed. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
34.Second Report on Responsibility of International Organizations by Mr. Giorgio Gaja, Special Rapporteur, A/CN, 4/541.
35.Security Council UN Res. 1831. Retrieved from: http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=S/RES/ 1831(2008) (10.01.2021).
36.Shaw, M. (2008). International Public Law. Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore: Cambridge University Press.
37.Slomason, W. (2011). Fundamental Perspective of International Law, 6th ed. Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
38.Statute IFAO. Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/3/a-mp046e.pdf (13.01.2021).
39.Stojšić-Dabetić, J.N. (2015). Međunarodna odgovornost Evropske Unije u svetlu pravila međunarodnog prava o odgovornosti međunarodnih organizacija. Ph.D. Thesis. Beograd. Тhe Draft Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations DARIO (10.01.2021).
40.Ugovor o osnivanju Evropske zajednice za ugalj i čelik. Retrieved from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/RO/TXT/?uri=URISERV:xy0022 (17.03.2021).
41.Vienna Convention on the Law Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations, UN Publications Sales No. E.94, Vol. 5.
42.Vienna Conventions on Law Treaties. Retrieved from: https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%201155/volume-1155-I-18232-English.pdf (16.03.2021).
43.Wellens, K. (2004). Fragmentation of International Law and Establishing an Accountability Regime for International Оrganizations: The Role of Judiciary in Closing the Gap. Michigan Journal of International Law, 25, 2.
44.Westland Helicopters Ltd. vs. Arab Organizations for industralization, United Arab Emirates, Kingdom Saudi Arabia, Statae of Quatar, Arab Republic of Eqypt and Arab Britis helicopter Company, March 5th, 1984, International Law Reports, No. 80, 1989, 613.