Studia Maritima

ISSN: 0137-3587     eISSN: 2353-303X    OAI
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ  ERIH PLUS

Lista wydań / Vol. 27/2 2014
HÖHEPUNKT DER KAMPFZEIT – DIE POMMERSCHE NSDAP ZWISCHEN AUFLÖSUNG UND MACHTERGREIFUNG 1931–1934
(APOGEUM CZASU WALKI – POMORSKA NSDAP POMIĘDZY ROZWIĄZANIEM A ZDOBYCIEM WŁADZY 1931–1934)

Autorzy: Jan Mittenzwei
Słowa kluczowe: Nazi Party Pomerania Sturmabteilung Karpenstein
Rok wydania:2014
Liczba stron:23 (217-239)

Abstrakt

The article concerns the role of violence while takeover of the National Socialists in Pomerania. Another aim is the explanation of the influence of state control surveillance measures on the strategic organization of the party’s inner life. Mittenzwei states that the NSDAP-history in Pomerania was dominated by many internal conflicts. These conflicts not only raise to question about action potential of the regional party authorities but also influenced the abilities of the whole party. Even if the Stennes’ revolt did not cause a sustainable division in the party and even if the state control surveillance ended up with no party prohibition, the circumstances reflected the influence on the party organization. In spite of the feared party prohibition the NSDAP-Gauleitung in Pomerania regarded itself being incapable of backing away from the violent takeover course. The Gauleiter Wilhelm Karpenstein saw in view of the inner conflicts in the party and revolting SA formations the only option: he put himself against the directives of the NSDAP-Reichsleitung at the head of the group which demanded a violent takeover and called for violence repeatedly. Finally, this strategy allowed the takeover in the countrified Pomerania but it caused also the end of Wilhelm Karpenstein as the Pomeranian Gauleiter. This end took place with the imprisonment of the Pomeranian SA-leader within so called Röhm revolt. This was also the reason after the Karpenstein’s dismissal to replace the Gau’s elite with Schwede-Coburg who surrounded himself with familiar faces from his times in Coburg.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu