The article concerns the role of violence while takeover of the National Socialists in
Pomerania. Another aim is the explanation of the influence of state control surveillance
measures on the strategic organization of the party’s inner life. Mittenzwei states that the
NSDAP-history in Pomerania was dominated by many internal conflicts. These conflicts
not only raise to question about action potential of the regional party authorities but also
influenced the abilities of the whole party. Even if the Stennes’ revolt did not cause a sustainable
division in the party and even if the state control surveillance ended up with no
party prohibition, the circumstances reflected the influence on the party organization.
In spite of the feared party prohibition the NSDAP-Gauleitung in Pomerania regarded
itself being incapable of backing away from the violent takeover course. The Gauleiter
Wilhelm Karpenstein saw in view of the inner conflicts in the party and revolting SA
formations the only option: he put himself against the directives of the NSDAP-Reichsleitung
at the head of the group which demanded a violent takeover and called for violence
repeatedly. Finally, this strategy allowed the takeover in the countrified Pomerania but it
caused also the end of Wilhelm Karpenstein as the Pomeranian Gauleiter. This end took
place with the imprisonment of the Pomeranian SA-leader within so called Röhm revolt.
This was also the reason after the Karpenstein’s dismissal to replace the Gau’s elite with
Schwede-Coburg who surrounded himself with familiar faces from his times in Coburg.