Rocznik Komparatystyczny

ISSN: 2081-8718     eISSN: 2353-2831    OAI    DOI: 10.18276/rk.2020.11-15
CC BY-SA   Open Access   ERIH PLUS

Lista wydań / 11 (2020)
The Ever-Evolving Maze – The Analysis of Metal Genres

Autorzy: Krzysztof Skórski
John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin
Słowa kluczowe: muzyka gatunki muzyczne systematyka muzyki heavy metal extreme metal
Rok wydania:2020
Liczba stron:18 (279-296)
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:


Heavy metal music is often perceived as crude and simplistic by people who are not acquainted with its complexity. In this article, I would like to explore and analyze the (meta-)genre of heavy metal music and its elaborate internal subdivision. Firstly, it is crucial to define metal music and distinguish it from other styles within the larger family of rock music. This section will be followed by a brief presentation of the history of heavy metal and the dominant dichotomy of chaotic and Dionysian themes present in the lyrics of metal songs. Ultimately, I intend to unravel the complex web of metal genres by describing the most crucial ones, demonstrating the “kinship” between particular styles, and providing examples of the representatives of each discussed subgenre.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu


1.Boward, Chad. “History and Styles of Heavy Metal.” Liveaboutdotcom. [accessed: 19.10.2020].
2.Chodkowski, Jerzy, ed. Mały słownik chemiczny. Warszawa: Wiedza Powszechna, 1974.
3.Christe, Ian. Sound of the Beast. Kindle edition. HarperCollins, 2003.
4.Cope, Andrew L. Black Sabbath and the Rise of Heavy Metal Music. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Company, 2010.
5.Dicker, Jarrod. “Never Say Die! Bill Ward Interview.” [accessed: 2.06.2020].
6.Eder, Bruce. “John Bonham. Biography”. AllMusic. [accessed: 2.06.2020].
7.Huey, Steve. “AllMusic Review by Steve Huey.” AllMusic. [accessed: 1.06.2020].
8.Kahn-Harris, Keith. Extreme Metal: Music and Culture on the Edge. Oxford: Berg, 2007.
9.Moynihan, Michael, Didrik Søderlind. Lords of Chaos: The Bloody Rise of the Satanic Metal Underground. New York: Feral House, 2003.
10.Schaap, Julian, Pauwke Berkers. “Grunting Alone? Online Gender Inequality in Extreme Metal Music.” IASPM Journal 4.1 (2014): 101–116.
11.Straw, Will. “Characterizing Rock Music Cultures: The Case of Heavy Metal.” Canadian University Music Review / Revue de musique des universités canadiennes 5 (1984): 104–122.
12.Wagner, Jeff. Mean Deviation: Four Decades of Progressive Heavy Metal. New York: Bazillion Points Books, 2010.
13.Walser, Robert. Running with Devil: Power, Gender, and Madness in Heavy Metal Music. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 1993.
14.Weinstein, Deena. Heavy Metal: The Music And Its Culture. Revised Edition. Cambridge, MA: DeCapo Press, 2000.
15.Multimedia Sources
16.Dunn, Sam, Scott McFadyen. “Pre Metal.” Metal Evolution. Banger Films, 2011.
17.Steppenwolf. “Born to Be Wild.” Steppenwolf. ABC Records, 1968.
18.Musical References
19.Anvil. Forged in Fire. Attic Records, 1983.
20.Arkona. Goi, Rode, Goi! Napalm Records, 2009.
21.Bathory. Bathory. Black Mark Production, 1984.
22.Black Sabbath. Black Sabbath. Vertigo Records, 1970.
23.Blind Guardian. Somewhere Far Beyond. Virgin Records, 1992.
24.Burzum. Hvis Lyset Tar Oss. Misanthropy Records, 1994.
25.Candlemass. Epicus Doomicus Metallicus. Black Dragon Records, 1986.
26.Cannibal Corpse. Tomb of the Mutilated. Metal Blade Records, 1992.
27.Cruachan. A Celtic Legacy. Karmageddon Media, 2007.
28.Death. Leprosy. Combat Records, 1988.
29.Deep Purple. Deep Purple in Rock. Harvest Records, 1970.
30.Epica. The Phantom Agony. Transmission Records, 2003.
31.Eluveitie. Slania. Nuclear Blast, 2008.
32.Emperor. Anthems to the Welkin at Dusk. Candlelight Records, 1997.
33.Exodus. Bonded by Blood. Combat Records, 1985.
34.Fintroll. Nifelvind. Century Media Records, 2010.
35.Five Finger Death Punch. The Way of the Fist. Firm Music, 2007.
36.Helloween. Walls of Jericho. Noise Records, 1965.
37.Judas Priest. Sad Wings of Destiny. Gull, 1975.
38.Korn. Life Is Peachy. Epic Records, 1996.
39.Korpiklaani. Manala. Nuclear Blast, 2012.
40.Lamb of God. Resolution. Roadrunner Records, 2012.
41.Led Zeppelin. Led Zeppelin II. Atlantic Records, 1969.
42.Linkin Park. Meteora. Warner Bros. Records, 2003.
43.Mayhem. De Mysteriis Dom Sathanas. Deathlike Silence Productions, 1987.
44.Metallica. Ride the Lightning. Megaforce Records, 1984.
45.Morbid Angel. Blessed Are the Sick. Relativity Records, 1991.
46.Mötley Crüe. Girls, Girls, Girls. Elektra Records, 1987.
47.My Dying Bride. The Ghost of Orion. Nuclear Blast, 2020.
48.Nightwish. Century Child. Spinefarm Records, 2002.
49.Nuclear Assault. Game Over. Combat Records, 1986.
50.Pantera. Vulgar Display of Power. ATCO Records, 1992.
51.Paradise Lost. Medusa. Nuclear Blast, 2017.
52.Poison. Look What the Cat Dragged In. Enigma Records, 1986.
53.Powerwolf. Blessed & Possessed. Napalm Records, 2015.
54.Ratt. Dancing Undercover. Atlantic Records, 1986.
55.Rhapsody of Fire. Dawn of Victory. Limb Music, 2000.
56.Saint Vitus. Saint Vitus. SST Records, 1984.
57.Slayer. Show No Mercy. Metal Blade Records, 1983.
58.Slipknot. Iowa. Roadrunner Records, 2001.
59.Sodom. Persecution Mania. Steamhammer Records, 1987.
60.System of a Down. Toxicity. American Recordings, 2001.
61.Therion. Vovin. Nuclear Blast, 1998.
62.Trouble. Psalm 9. Metal Blade Records, 1984.
63.Venom. Black Metal. Noise Records, 1982.