The article describes cultural and educational initiatives of the Association of the Lemko Culture Enthusiasts based on the concept of enclaves. Attention is drawn to the dual nature of the initiatives of the association. On the one hand, the actions consist in integrating the community around common values, enhancement of cultural difference, sustaining distinctness, i.e., closing off against the effects which muddy the ethnic diversity of the Lemkos. Therefore it is a strengthening of boundaries of the Lemko ethnic enclave. On the other hand, the same initiatives are an expression of the opening up of the Lemkos onto the environment, “getting out from under the shadow”, the open presentation of their culture and full participation in cultural life of the environment and beyond it.