Nowa Krytyka : czasopismo filozoficzne

ISSN: 0867-647X     DOI: 10.18276/nk.2016.36-01
CC BY-SA   Open Access 

Lista wydań / 36 rok 2016
The Commodification of Human Body

Rok wydania:2016
Liczba stron:22 (7-28)
Słowa kluczowe: Marx Simmel organ donation surrogacy sex industry prostitution reproductive medicine
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:
Autorzy: Jacek Tittenbrun
Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu


The purpose of the present paper is to analyse a number of aspects to today’s commodification of human body; as the latter is inherently gendered, the following comments also have the said dimension to them, with particular, but not exclusive reference to the female body.


1.Barry B. 1990. Political Argument, London: Routledge,
2.Bignell J. 2008. An Introduction to Television Studies, London–New York: Routledge,
3.Bordo S. 1999. The Male Body: A New Look at Men in Public and in Private, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux,
4.Clay F. 2012. What is a Good Hospital?, “The Guardian” z 27 maja 2012 roku
5.Cohen C.B. 1999. Selling Bits and Pieces of Humans to Make More of Them: The Gift of the Magi Revisited, “The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy”, 24(3):288-306,
6.Coser L. 1977. A Note on the ‘Philosophy of Money’, w: Masters of Sociological Thought: Ideas in Historical and Social Context, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Incorporated,
7.Daniels C.R. 2008. Exposing Men: The Science and Politics of Male Reproduction, New York: Oxford University Press,
8.Davey H. 2010. Faking Positive Emotions for Our Jobs: At What Cost?, Huffington Post,
9.Davis F.D. 2013. Organ Markets and the Ends of Medicine, “Journal of Medicine and Philosophy”, vol. 34, issue 6M: 586-605,
10.Deflen M. 2003. The Sociology of the Sociology of Money: Simmel and the Contemporary Battle of the Classics, “Journal of Classical Sociology”, 3(1):67-96
11.Dotson E. 1999. Behold the Man the Hype and Selling of Male Beauty in Media and Culture, Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press
12.Fabre C. 2006. Whose Body is it Anyway?: Justice and the Integrity of the Person, Oxford: Oxford University Press
13.Fitzgerald J. 1998. Genericizing Disability: The Human Genome Project and the Commodification of Self, “Issues in Law & Medicine”, fall, vol. 14, issue 2,
14.Fox R., Swazey J. 1992. Spare Parts, New York: Oxford University Press
15.Fromm E. 1955. The Sane Society, New York : Rinehart
16.Hakim C. 2010. Erotic Capital. The Power of Attraction in the Boardroom and the Bedroom, New York: Basic Books,
17.Holligan A. 2011. Amsterdam’s Prostitutes Targeted by Dutch Tax Officials, BBC News, 21 marca 2011 roku
18.Kalindi J. V. 2009. Indian Transnational Surrogacy and the Commodification of Vital Energy, “Subjectivity”, no. 28(1): 266–278
19.Kaveny C. 1999. Commodifying the Polyvalent Good of Health Care, “Journal of Medicine and Philosophy”, Jun;24(3):207-223,
20.Leddick D., Sanchez H. 2011. Escorts: 40 Profiles with Photographs of Men Who Sell Sex, Miami Beach: White Lake Press
21.Marx K. 1988. Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books,
22.Murray T. 1996. New Reproductive Technologies and the Family, w: C. Cohen (red.), New Ways of Making Babies: The Case of Egg Donation, Bloomington: 51–69
23.Pateman C. 1988. The Sexual Contract, Stanford, Stanford University Press,
24.Posner R. 1992. Sex and Reason, Cambridge: Harvard University Press,
25.Radin M. 1996. Contested Commodities, Cambridge: Harvard University Press,
26.Reynolds H. 1986. The Economics of Prostitution, Springfield: C.C. Thomas,
27.Sandel J. 1998. What Money Can’t Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets, Oxford: Oxford University Press,
28.Simmel G. 1964. The Sociology of Georg Simmel, New York: Collier-Macmillan
29.Steinbock B. 2011. Life before Birth: The Moral and Legal Status of Embryos and Fetuses, Oxford: Oxford University Press,
30.Sterling T. 2011. Dutch Prostitutes Sought By Taxman,
31.Tierney D. 2012. What Isn’t for Sale, “The Atlantic”,
32.Veen M. van der, 2000. Beyond Slavery and Capitalism: Producing Class Difference in Sex Industry, w: Class and Its Others, red. J.K. Gibson-Graham, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press,
33.Wilkinson S. 2003. Bodies for Sale, London: Routledge.