Europa Regionum

ISSN: 1428-278X     DOI: 10.18276/er.2016.28-03
CC BY-SA   Open Access 

Lista wydań / t. 28 2016
Obszary przyrodnicze a rozwój turystyki w gminach powiatu poznańskiego

Rok wydania:2016
Liczba stron:16 (35-50)
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:
Autorzy: Hanna Borucińska-Bieńkowska

Abstrakt

The article discusses areas of outstanding natural beauty protected by law playing an important role in shaping environmental systems of whole functional-spatial areas, which include a considerable part of animate and inanimate nature. In the Wielkopolska province, such areas constitute 35.6% (29.826 km²)7; they are national parks (Wielkopolski National Park), natural landscape parks and landscape protection areas. Besides, there are nature reserves and natural monuments, often situated in the abovementioned areas. The Wielkopolska province has 2.718 m² of natural land protected by law per capita. These natural lands greatly influence standards of living of city and countryside dwellers, prospects of development, and extent, layout and structure of tourism movement. For many residents of rural communes situated within the impact zone of a big city, this particular type of economic activity is a vital part of socioeconomic development. Landscape protection areas, thanks to characteristic features of the landscape boasting various ecosystems, render it possible to pursue interests in tourism, sports and recreation; they can also function as ecological wildlife corridors. In communes of the Poznań Metropolitan Area (POM), there are all forms of environmental protection pursuant to the Environmental Protection Act of 16 April 2004 (consolidated text in the Journal of Laws of 2013, item 627 as amended). They do not form an integrated complementary network but are 'ecological islands', which poses a major problem for functional-spatial development of natural landscape areas, both protected by law and unprotected. The 'islands' greatly influence decisions taken by self-governmental authorities and local communities on shaping practical and rational policies of sustainable development of natural landscape areas, and they might adversely affect biological resilience of functional areas. Translated by Kamila Korus
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