Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine

ISSN: 2300-9705     eISSN: 2353-2807     DOI: 10.18276/cej.2017.2-04
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ  DOAJ

Lista wydań / Vol. 18, No. 2/2017
Influence of Fencing Training (Technical and Tactical) on Selected Features of Shape of the Spine and Pelvis Under Load

Rok wydania:2017
Liczba stron:8 (33-40)
Słowa kluczowe: fencing kyphosis pelvis posture spine
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:
Autorzy: Alicja Kaiser
WSB University in Poznań, Department of Didactics of Tourism and Recreation, Poland

Marek Sokołowski
University School of Physical Education in Poznań, Department of Sports and Defence Education, Poland

Mirosław Mrozkowiak
Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Department of Physiotherapy, Poland


The aim of the research was to assess influence of a 90-minute specialist fencing training on selected features of the spine and pelvis under a vertical load in a group of young competitors. The research was carried out in 2015 among 23 fencers (mean ± SD, age: 16 ±1.20 years; body height: 168.4 ±4.68 cm; body weight: 54.7 ±8.26 kg). The method involved measurement of thirty features, describing spatially pelvis and physiological spinal curvature under a vertical load, constituting 1/3 of the body weight before and after specialist training. Statistically significant disturbances in vertically overstretched posture occurred after the training among examined boys within the following features: increase in length of left side scoliosis, progression of lumbar lordosis and lumbosacral spine, increase of the trunk extension angle and shoulder asymmetry. Among examined girls statistically significant changes occurred only within pelvis area: increase of left pelvic tilt in the coronal plane, decrease of right pelvic tilt in the horizontal plane. Adjustment in deficiencies within hip joints movement, increase pelvis and lower limbs muscle strength in girls’ training is necessary. What is recommended for all competitors is prophylaxis of the spinal pain syndrome and expanding endurance shaping exercises during a training unit.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu


1.Alyas, F., Turner, M., Connell, D. (2007). MRI findings in the lumbar spines of asymptomatic, adolescent, elite tennis players. Br J Sports Med, 41, 836–841.
2.Castinel, B.H., Adam, P., Milburn, P.D. (2010). Epidemiology of cervical spine abnormalities in asymptomatic adult professional rugby union players using static and dynamic MRI protocols: 2002 to 2006. Br J Sports Med, 44, 194–199.
3.Flis-Masłowska, M., Trzaska, T., Wiernicka, M., Lewandowski, J. (2014). Structural lesions in the lumbosacral spine in field hockey players. Med Sport, 67 (3), 473–484.
4.Kaiser, A., Sokołowski, M., Mrozkowiak, M. (2014). Effects of a 90-minute wrestling training on the selected features of the shape of spine and pelvis under load. Arch Budo, 10, OA57–65.
5.Kingma, I., van Dieen, J.H., de Looze, M., Toussaint, H.M., Dolan, P., Baten, C.T.M. (1998). Asymmetric low back loading in asymmetric lifting movements is not prevented by pelvic twist. J Biomech, 31 (6), 527–534.
6.López-Miñarro, P.A., Muyor, J.M., Alacid, F. (2010). Sagittal spinal curvatures and pelvic tilt in elite young kayakers. Med Sport, 63 (4), 509–519.
7.Mroczkowski, A., Jaskólski, E. (2007). The change of pelvis placement at children under influence of aikido training. Arch Budo, 3, 21–26.
8.Mrozkowiak, M., Kaiser, A.,Sokołowski, M. (2015). Habitual posture of fencers representing the Wielkopolska region. Arch Budo Sci Martial Art Extreme Sport, 11, 11–21.
9.Mrozkowiak, M., Sokołowski, M., Kaiser, A. (2012). Characteristics of habitual posture in female wrestlers from the Polish National Team. Med Sport, 65 (2), 235–251.
10.Mrozkowiak, M. (2003). Analiza porównawcza krzywizn fizjologicznych kręgosłupa pod wpływem obciążenia osiowego zawodników judo i zapasów. In: E. Bulicz (ed.), Potęgowanie zdrowia. Czynniki, mechanizmy i strategie zdrowotne (pp. 346–350). Radom: Wydawnictwo i Zakład Poligrafii Instytutu Technologii Eksploatacji.
11.Mrozkowiak, M. (2004). Analiza porównawcza zespołu miednica-kręgosłup pod wpływem obciążenia osiowego w płaszczyźnie czołowej i poprzecznej zawodników judo i zapasów. In: D. Umiastowska (ed.), Aktywność ruchowa ludzi w różnym wieku (pp. 263–267). Szczecin: Albatros.
12.Mrozkowiak, M. (2011). Modulacja, wpływ i związki wybranych parametrów postawy ciała dzieci i młodzieży w wieku od 4 do 18 lat w świetle mory projekcyjnej. Zielona Góra: Oficyna Wydawnicza Uniwersytetu Zielonogórskiego.
13.Nakagawa, Y., Mukai, S., Hattori, Y., Nakamura, T. (2011). Spondylolysis decreases sports performance in sumo wrestlers – radiological changes of lumbar spine in high school and collegiate sumo wrestlers. Br J Sports Med, 45, 322.
14.Nissinen, M., Heliovaara, M., Seitsamo, J., Alaranta, H., Poussa, M. (1994). Anthropometric measurements and the incidence of low back pain in a cohort of pubertal children. Spine, 19, 1367–1370.
15.Nissinen, M., Heliovaara, M., Seitsamo, J. (2000). Development of trunk asymmetry in a cohort of children ages 11 to 22 years. Spine, 25 (5), 570–578.
16.Perrin, P., Deviterne, D., Hegel, F., Perrot, C. (2002). Judo, better than dance, develops sensorimotor adaptabilities involved in balance control. Gait Posture, 15, 187–194.
17.Perrot, C., Mur, J., Maynard, D., Barrault, D., Perrin, P.P. (2000). Influence of trauma induced by judo practice on postural control. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 10, 292–297.
18.Poussa, M.S., Heliovaara, M.M., Seitsamo, J.T. (2005). Development of spinal posture in a cohort of children from the age of 11 to 22 years. Eur Spine J, 14 (8), 738–743.
19.Rajabi, R., Mobarakabadi, L., Alizadhen, H.M., Hendrick, P. (2012). Thoracic kyphosis comparisons in adolescent female competitive field hockey players and untrained controls. J Sport Med Phys Fit, 52 (5), 545–550.
20.Shumway-Cook, A., Woollacott, M. (2000). Motor control: theory and practical applications. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Baltimore.
21.Starosta, W. (1993). Kształt kręgosłupa z punktu widzenia motoryki człowieka i motoryki sportowej. Post Rehab, 7 (4), 19–30.
22.Uetake, T, Ohtsuki, F. (1993). Sagittal configuration of spinal curvature line in sportsmen using Moiré technique. Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn, 70 (2–3), 91–103.
23.Wojtys, E.M., Ashton-Miller, J.A., Huston, L.J., Moga, P.J. (2000). The association between athletic training time and the sagittal curvature of the immature spine. Am J Sports Med, 28 (4), 490–498.
24.Yung, R.S., Andrew, P.D., (2000). Cummings GS. Effect of simulating leg length ineguality on pelvic torsion and trunk mobility. Gait and Posture, 11, 217–223.