Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine

ISSN: 2300-9705     eISSN: 2353-2807     DOI: 10.18276/cej.2016.4-06
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ

Lista wydań / Vol. 16, No. 4/2016
Collegiate Coaches’ Knowledge of the Female Athlete Triad in Relation to Their Characteristics

Rok wydania:2016
Liczba stron:12 (55-66)
Słowa kluczowe: formation prevention sport women
Autorzy: Jillian E. Frideres
Nutrition education program, University of Wisconsin-Extension, Racine, Wisconsin, United States

Sue G. Mottinger
Department of Health and Kinesiology, The University of Texas Pan American, Edinburg, Texas, United States (retired)

José M. Palao
Department of Health, Exercise Science and Sport Management. University of Wisconsin-Parkside, Kenosha, Wisconsin, United States

Abstrakt

The purpose of this study was to determine what coaches of female athletes know about the female athlete triad. The sample involved 472 NCAA Division I coaches of female athletes. The variables studied were coaches’ knowledge and confidence about the triad and coaches’ characteristics (coach’s gender, age, type of coach, degree held, years of experience in coaching females, continuing education participation specific to the triad and/or triad components, and sport coached). Coaches’ knowledge of the female athlete triad is higher for coaches who have received triad education. No differences regarding knowledge of the female athlete triad were found by gender, degree, experience in coaching female athletes, or coach type. Higher knowledge was found in sports emphasizing low body weight compared to sports that do not emphasize weight. The article discusses the results’ implications and the need for future interventions in this population.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu

Bibliografia

1.Arends, J.C., Cheung, M.Y.C., Barrack, M.T., Nattiv, A. (2012). Restoration of menses with non-pharmacologic therapy in college athletes with menstrual disturbances: A 5-year retrospective study. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 22 (2), 98–108.
2.Bandura, A., Wood, R.E. (1989). Effects of perceived controllability and performance standards on self-regulation of complex decisionmaking. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 805–814.
3.Beals, K.A., Brey, R.A., Gonyou, J.B. (1999). Understanding the female athlete triad: Eating disorders, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. The Journal of School Health, 69 (8), 337–340.
4.Bradney, D. (2002). Attitudes of coaches regarding eating disorders. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Springfield College, Springfield, MA.
5.Coppola, A.M., Ward, R.M., Freysinger, V.J. (2014). Coaches’ communication of sport body image: Experiences of female athletes. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 26 (1), 1–16.
6.Eagle, S.R., Lohman, C., Jarman, N. (2013). Enhancing knowledge of nutrition and prevention in medical professionals and coaches; the key to defeating the Female Athlete Triad. Journal of Athletic Medicine, 1 (1), 23–36.
7.Field, R.W. (1991). Coach as a role model: What are his salient roles and how do others perceive them? Track Technique, 117, 3730–3733.
8.Froiland, K., Koszewski, W., Hingst, J., Kopecky, L. (2004). Nutritional supplement use among college athletes and their sources of information. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 14, 104–120.
9.Hague, P., Hague, N., Morgan, C. (2004). Market research in practice: A guide to the basics. London, GB: Kogan Page.
10.Heffner, J.L., Ogles, B.M., Gold, E., Marsden, K., Johnson, M. (2003). Nutrition and eating in female college athletes: A survey of coaches. Eating Disorders, 11, 209–220.
11.Hobart, J.A. (2000). The female athlete triad. American Family Physician, 61 (11), 3357–3364.
12.Jacobson, B.H., Sobonya, C., Ransone, J. (2001). Nutrition practice and knowledge of college varsity athletes: A follow-up. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 15, 63–68.
13.Joy, E., Clark, N., Ireland, M.L., Martire, J., Nattiv, A., Varechok, S. (1997a). Team management of the female athlete triad: Part 1: What to look for, what to ask. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 25 (3), 94–102.
14.Joy, E., Clark, N., Ireland, M. L., Martire, J., Nattiv, A., Varechok, S. (1997b). Team management of the female athlete triad: Part 2: Optimal treatment and prevention tactics. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 25 (4), 55–64.
15.Juzwiak, C.R., Ancona-Lopez, F. (2004). Evaluation of nutrition knowledge and dietary recommendations by coaches of adolescent Brazilian athletes. Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 14, 222–235.
16.Kroshus, E., Sherman, R.T., Thompson, R.A., Sossin, K. Austin, S.B. (2014). Gender differences in high school coaches’ knowledge, attitudes, and communication about the female athlete triad. Eating Disorders, 22 (3), 1–16.
17.Lassiter, J.W. (2002). A survey of student coaches’ knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behaviors regarding the female athlete triad. Unpublished master’s thesis, State University of New York College at Brockport.
18.Martínez-Pecino, M., Mulas-Sánchez, M.Y., Fernández-Palacín, F., Bayón-Suárez, F. (1997). Encuesta a los médicos internos residentes de rehabilitación sobre su formación. [Survey to medical residents of rehabilitation about their formation]. Rehabilitación, 31, 17–22.
19.Nattiv, A., Loucks, A.B., Manore, M.M., Sanborn, C.F., Sundgot-Borgen, J., Warren, M.P. (2007). American College of Sports Medicine position stand. The female athlete triad. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39 (10), 1867–1882.
20.Otis, C.L., Drinkwater, B., Johnson, M., Loucks, A., Wilmore, J. (1997, May). ACSM position stand: The female athlete triad. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29 (5), 1–9.
21.Pantano, K.J. (2006) Current knowledge, perceptions, and interventions used by collegiate coaches in the US regarding the prevention and treatment of the female athlete triad. North American journal of sports physical therapy: NAJSPT, 1 (4), 195.
22.Rust, D.M. (2002). The female athlete triad: Disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. The Clearing House, 75 (6), 301–305.
23.Sherman, R.T., Thompson, R.A., Dehass, D., Wilfert, M. (2005). NCAA coaches survey: The role of the coach in identifying and managing athletes with disordered eating. Eating Disorders, 13, 447–466.
24.Smith, A.D. (1996). The female athlete triad: Causes, diagnosis, and treatment. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 24 (7), 67–73.
25.Sossin, K., Gizis, F., Marquart, L.F., Sobal, J. (1997). Nutrition beliefs, attitudes, and resource use of high school wrestling coaches. International Journal of Sport Nutrition, 7, 219–228.
26.Sundgot-Borgen, J. (1994). Risk and trigger factors for the development of eating disorders in female elite athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 26 (4), 414–419.
27.Temme, K.E., Hoch, A.Z. (2013). Recognition and rehabilitation of the female athlete triad/tetrad: A multidisciplinary approach. Current Sports Medicine Reports, 12 (3), 190–199.
28.Thein-Nissenbaum, J. (2013). Long term consequences of the female athlete triad. Maturitas, 75 (2), 107–112.
29.Thomas, S.J. (2004). Using web and paper questionnaires for data-based decision making: From design to interpretation of the results. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
30.Thompson, S.H., Gabriel, M. (2004). Risk factors for the female athlete triad among female collegiate and noncollegiate athletes. Physical Educator, 61 (4), 200–212.
31.Troy, K., Hoch, A.Z., Stavrakos, J. (2006). Awareness and comfort in treating the female athlete triad: are we failing our athletes? WMJ-MADISON, 105 (7), 21.
32.Turk, J.C., Prentice, W.E., Chappell, S., Shields, E.W. (1999). Collegiate coaches’ knowledge of eating disorders. Journal of Athletic Training, 34 (1), 19–24.
33.Wozney, L., Venkatesh, V., Abrami, P. (2006). Implementing computer technologies: Teachers’ perceptions and practices. Journal of Technology and teacher education, 14 (1), 173–207.