Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine

ISSN: 2300-9705     eISSN: 2353-2807    OAI    DOI: 10.18276/cej.2016.4-01
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ  DOAJ

Lista wydań / Vol. 16, No. 4/2016
Effects of Moderate-Intensity Resistance Exercise on Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Individuals

Autorzy: Marya Rahmani Ghobadi
Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Damavand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Rastegar Hoseini
Department of Sport Science and Physical Education, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran

Zahra Hoseini
BSc Student of Physical education & sport sciences Student, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Guilan-Rasht, Iran
Słowa kluczowe: blood pressure exercise postexercise hypotension
Rok wydania:2016
Liczba stron:8 (5-12)
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of moderate-intensity resistance exercise on postexercise hypotension (PEH) in the hypertensive. The study was conducted with eighteen hypertensive elderly individuals (20–30 years). They were subjected to two experimental sessions: control session (SC) and 50% (S50%) of 1RM. For each session, subjects were evaluated pre-and postintervention. In the preintervention, the blood pressure (BP) and FVR were measured after 10 min of rest. Thereafter, they were taken to the gym to perform the exercise sessions or remained at rest in each of the equipment during the same time.In the S50% group was composed of a set of ten repetitions of ten exercises, with an interval of 90 s between exercises. Subsequently,the FVR and BP measurements were again performed at 15, 30, 45, 60 and 75 min of recovery (postintervention). The PEH was greater in S50% compared with SC, with the lower value of BP being found at 75 min of recovery for the two sessions (systolic BP:125.21 ±0.98mmHg versus 145.45 ±1.72 mmHg; diastolic BP: 83.60 ±1.67 mmHg versus 95.14 ±0.74 mmHg respectively). Moderateintensity resistance exercise was effective in promoting PEH, this phenomenon being accompanied by a reduction in FVR within the first minute of recovery in the hypertensive young.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu


1.Anunciação, P.G., Polito, M.D. (2011). A review on post-exercise hypotension in hypertensive individuals. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, 96 (5), 425–426.
2.Brown, S.P., Clemons, J.M., He, Q., Liu, S. (1994). Effects of resistance exercise and cycling on recovery blood pressure. Journal of Sports Sciences, 12 (5), 463–468.
3.Bruneau, M.L., Johnson, B.T., Huedo-Medina, T.B., Larson, K.A., Ash, G.I., Pescatello, L.S. (2015). The blood pressure response to acute and chronic aerobic exercise: A meta-analysis of candidate gene association studies. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.
4.Cardoso Jr, C.G., Gomides, R.S., Queiroz, A.C.C., Pinto, L.G., Lobo, F.d.S., Tinucci T., Mion Jr, D., C. Forjaz, L.d.M. (2010). Acute and chronic effects of aerobic and resistance exercise on ambulatory blood pressure. Clinics, 65 (3), 317–325.
5.Chobanian, A.V., Bakris, G.L., Black, H.R., Cushman, W.C., Green, L.A., Izzo Jr, J., Jones, D., Materson, B., Oparil, S., Wright Jr. J. (2003). National heart, lung, and blood institute joint national committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure; national high blood pressure education program coordinating committee. The seventh report of the joint national committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure: The JNC, 7, 2560–2572.
6.de Freitas Brito, A., de Oliveira, C.V.C., Brasileiro-Santos, M.d.S., and de Cruz S.A. (2014). Resistance exercise with different volumes: blood pressure response and forearm blood flow in the hypertensive elderly. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 9.
7.Farzadfar, F., Murray, C.J., Gakidou, E., Bossert, T., Namdaritabar, H., Alikhani, S., Moradi, G., Delavari, A., Jamshidi, H., Ezzati, M. (2012). Effectiveness of diabetes and hypertension management by rural primary health-care workers (Behvarz workers) in Iran: a nationally representative observational study. The Lancet, 379 (9810), 47–54.
8.Fernandes, P.R.O.F., Lira, F.A.d S., Borba, V.V.L., Costa, M.J.C., Trombeta, I.C., Santos, M.d.S.B., Santos, A.d.C. (2011). Vitamin C restores blood pressure and vasodilator response during mental stress in obese children. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, 96 (6), 490–497.
9.Fisher, M.M. (2001). The effect of resistance exercise on recovery blood pressure in normotensive and borderline hypertensive women. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 15 (2), 210–216.
10.Focht, B.C., Koltyn, K.F. (1999). Influence of resistance exercise of different intensities on state anxiety and blood pressure. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31 (3), 456–463.
11.Godinas, L., Lau, E.M., Chemla, D., Lador, F., Savale, L., Montani, D., Jaïs, H., Sitbon, O., Simonneau, G., Humbert, M. (2016). Diagnostic concordance of different criteria for exercise pulmonary hypertension in subjects with normal resting pulmonary artery pressure. European Respiratory Journal: ERJ-01678-02015.
12.Gotshall, R.W., Aten, L.A., Yumikura, S. (1994). Difference in the cardiovascular response to prolonged sitting in men and women. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 19 (2), 215–225.
13.Green, D.J., Spence, A., Halliwill, J.R., Cable, N.T., Thijssen, D.H. (2011). Exercise and vascular adaptation in asymptomatic humans. Experimental Physiology, 96 (2), 57–70.
14.Grobbee, D., Hofman. A. (1986). Effect of calcium supplementation on diastolic blood pressure in young people with mild hypertension. The Lancet, 328 (8509), 703–707.
15.Halliwill, J.R. (2001). Mechanisms and clinical implications of post-exercise hypotension in humans. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 29 (2), 65–70.
16.Haskell, W.L., Lee, I.M., Pate, R.R., Powell, K.E., Blair, S.N., Franklin, B.A., Macera, C.A., Heath, G.W., Thompson, P.D., Bauman, A. (2007). Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Circulation, 116 (9), 1081.
17.Kraemer, W.J., Fry, A., Ratamess, N., French, D. (1995). Strength testing: development and evaluation of methodology. Physiological Assessment of Human Fitness, 2, 119–150.
18.Maior, A.S., Simão, R., Martins, M.S., de Salles, B.F., Willardson, J.M. (2015). Influence of Blood Flow Restriction During Low-Intensity Resistance Exercise on the Postexercise Hypotensive Response. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 29 (10), 2894–2899.
19.Medeiros, R.F., Silva, B.M., Neves, F.J., Rocha, N.G., Sales, A.R.K., Nobrega, A.C. (2011). Impaired hemodynamic response to mental stress in subjects with prehypertension is improved after a single bout of maximal dynamic exercise. Clinics, 66 (9), 1523–1529.
20.Mediano, M.F.F., Paravidino, V., Simão, R., Pontes, F.L., Polito, M.D. (2005). Subacute behavior of the blood pressure after power training in controlled hypertensive individuals. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, 11 (6), 337–340.
21.Melo, C.M., Alencar Filho, A.C., Tinucci, T., Mion Jr, D., Forjaz, C.L. (2006). Postexercise hypotension induced by low-intensity resistance exercise in hypertensive women receiving captopril. Blood Pressure Monitoring, 11 (4), 183–189.
22.Moraes, M.R., Bacurau, R.F., Ramalho, J.D., Reis, F.C., Casarini, D.E., Chagas, J.R., Oliveira, V., Higa, E.M.S., Abdalla, D.S., Pesquero, J.L. (2007). Increase in kinins on post-exercise hypotension in normotensive and hypertensive volunteers. Biological Chemistry. 388 (5), 533–540.
23.O’Connor, P.J., Bryant, C.X., Veltri, J.P., Gebhardt, S.M. (1993). State anxiety and ambulatory blood pressure following resistance exercise in females. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.
24.Papathanasiou, G., Zerva, E., Zacharis, I., Papandreou, M., Papageorgiou, E., Tzima, C., Georgakopoulos, D., Evangelou, A. (2015). Association of high blood pressure with body mass index, smoking and physical activity in healthy young adults. The Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal, 9, 5.
25.Perloff, D., Sokolow, M., Cowan, R. (1983). The prognostic value of ambulatory blood pressures. Jama, 249 (20), 2792–2798.
26.Pescatello, L.S., Guidry M.A., Blanchard, B.E., Kerr, A., Taylor, A.L., Johnson, A.N., Maresh, C.M., Rodriguez, N., Thompson, P.D. (2004). Exercise intensity alters postexercise hypotension. Journal of Hypertension, 22 (10), 1881–1888.
27.Pimenta, E., Oparil, S. (2012). Management of hypertension in the elderly. Nature Reviews Cardiology, 9 (5), 286–296.
28.Rezazadehkermani, M. (2008). Epidemiology and heterogeneity of hypertension in Iran: a systematic review. Archives of Iranian Medicine, 11 (4), 444–452.
29.Rezk, C., Marrache, R., Tinucci, T., Mion Jr, D., Forjaz, C. (2006). Post-resistance exercise hypotension, hemodynamics, and heart rate variability: influence of exercise intensity. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 98 (1), 105–112.
30.Simão, R., Fleck, S.J., Polito, M., Monteiro, W., Farinatti, P. (2005). Effects of resistance training intensity, volume, and session format on the postexercise hypotensive response. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 19 (4), 853–858.
31.Williams, M.A., Haskell, W.L., Ades, P.A., Amsterdam, E.A., Bittner, V., Franklin, B.A., Gulanick, M., Laing, S.T., Stewart, K.J. (2007). Resistance exercise in individuals with and without cardiovascular disease: 2007 update a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Clinical Cardiology and Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism. Circulation, 116 (5), 572–584.
32.Young, D.R., Reynolds, K., Sidell, M., Brar, S., Ghai, N.R., Sternfeld, B., Jacobsen, S.J., Slezak, M.J., Caan, B., Quinn, V.P. (2014). Effects of physical activity and sedentary time on the risk of heart failure. Circulation: Heart Failure, 7 (1), 21–27.