Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine

ISSN: 2300-9705     eISSN: 2353-2807
CC BY-SA   Open Access 

Lista wydań / Vol. 7, No. 3/2014
Effective Skill Refinement: Focusing on Process to Ensure Outcome

Rok wydania:2014
Liczba stron:17 (5-21)
Słowa kluczowe: Technical change long-term permanency movement variability pressure resistance the Five-A Model
Autorzy: Howie J. Carosn
Institue of Coaching and Performance, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom

Dave Collins
Institue of Coaching and Performance, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom


In contrast to the abundance of motor skill acquisition and performance research, there is a paucity of work which addresses how athletes with an already learnt and well-established skill may go about making a subtle change, or refinement, to that skill. Accordingly, the purpose of this review paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of current understanding pertaining to such practice. Specifically, this review addresses deliberately initiated refinements to closed and self-paced skills (e.g., javelin throwing, golf swing and horizontal jumps). In doing so, focus is directed to three fundamental considerations within applied coaching practice and future research endeavours; the intended outcomes, process and evaluative measures of skill refinement. Conclusions suggest that skill refinement is not the same as skill acquisition or performing already learnt skills with high-levels of automaticity. Due to the complexity of challenge faced, refinements are best addressed as an interdisciplinary solution, with objective measures informing coach decision making.
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