Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine

ISSN: 2300-9705     eISSN: 2353-2807     DOI: 10.18276/cej.2016.1-12
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ  DOAJ

Lista wydań / Vol. 13, No. 1/2016
The Results of Early and Delayed Treatment of Injuries of the Extensor Tendons of the Fingers in Own Material

Autorzy: Anna Deskur
Pomeranian Medical University

Zbigniew Deskur
Faculty of Physical Culture and Health Promotion, University of Szczecin
Słowa kluczowe: damage to the extensor digitorum tendon early and delayed treatment
Rok wydania:2016
Liczba stron:6 (117-122)
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:


The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of early and delayed surgical treatment and the rehabilitation of patients with traumatic injury in zone I of the extensor tendon of the fingers II–V. 47 patients after traumatic, closed damage of the extensor tendons of the fingers II–V of the hand were treated and examined. 17 women (36.2%) and 30 men (63.8%) aged 14–80 years were included in the study. Patients with a delayed first degree damage of the extensors tendon, as well as fourth degree damage, according to the Doleyle scale qualified for surgical treatment. Surgical treatment consisted of suturing the tendon band or restoring its attachment to the phalanx bone, as well as the arthrodesis of the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint with Kirschner wire in extension. The wire was removed after 6 weeks. Rehabilitation treatment was carried out in order to restore a full range of motion of the fingers. Patients were under constant supervision of the medical team. The examination of the patients took place before and 3 months after the surgery. The presence of the pain was assessed by means of a 10-point VAS scale (Visual Analog Scale). A goniometer was used to measure the range of motion of patient’s fingers. Crawford’s scale was used to assess the results of treatment of injuries to the extensor tendons of the fingers. The early stages of treatment to these yielded excellent results in 84.2% of patients, 14.3% good results, 17.8% of satisfactory results and 3.6% of patients had poor results. The differences in the results were not statistically significant. Further operative intervention should be considered for patients with extensive damage to the tendon of the extensor finger with a greater detachment of a fragment of phalanx bone shortly after the injury. In patients with extensive damage to the tendon of the extensor finger with greater detachment of bone fragment of phalanx further surgery in the early period after injury should be considered.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu


1.Altan, E., Alps, N.B., Baser, R., Yalcin, L. (2014). Soft-tissue injuries mallet: A comparison of early and delayed treatment. J Hand Surg Am, 39 (10), 1982–1985.
2.Cheung, J.P., Fung, B., Ip, W.Y. (2012). Surgical treatment of chronic mallet finger. Hand Surg, 17 (3), 439–447.
3.Doyle, J.R. (1999.) Extensor tendons – acute injuries. In: D.P. Green, R.N. Hotchkiss, W.C. Pederson (eds.), Operative Hand Surgery. New York: Churchill Livingstone.
4.Gurnani, N., Hogendoorn, J., Rhemrev, S. (2014). De malletvinger: opereren kontra spalken. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd, 158, A 6941.
5.Haagsma, A., de Boer, H.L., Quintus, A.C., Strikkeling, N.J., Zeebregts, C.J., Smit, J.M. (2014). Treatment of mallet fingers in Dutch Hospitals: a nationwide survey of practice. Eur J Emerg Med, 3, 1.
6.Jabłecki, J., Kaczmarzyk, J., Domanasiewicz, A. (2009). Results of treatment of mallet finger to internal splinting – a preliminary report. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil, 11 (2), 138–144.
7.Jiang, B., Wang, P., Zhang, Y., Zhao, J., Dang, P. (2015). Results of treatment of mallet finger to internal splinting – a preliminary report. Medicine (Baltimore), 94 (6), E536.
8.Makhleufow, V.M., Deek, I.N. (2011). Surgical treatment of chronic mallet finger. Ann Plast Surg, 66 (6), 670–672.
9.Mc Murtry, J.T., Isaacs, J. (2015). Extensor tendons injuries. Clin Sports Med, 34 (1), 167–180.
10.Orhun, H., Dursun, M., Orhun, E., Gurkan, V., Altun, G. (2009). Open reduction and K-wire fixation of mallet finger injuries: mid-term results. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc, 43 (5), 395–399.
11.Smit, J.M., Beets, M.R., Zeebregts, C.J., Rood, A., Welters, C.F. (2010). Treatment options for mallet finger: a review. Plast Reconstr Surg, 126 (5), 1624–1629.
12.Wańczyk, A., Pieniążek, M., Pelczar-Pieniążek, M. (2008). Metoda i wyniki rehabilitacji w uszkodzeniach ścięgien prostowników palców II–V w I i II strefie urazowej. Ortop Traumatol Rehabil, 10 (3), 218–225.