Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine

ISSN: 2300-9705     eISSN: 2353-2807     DOI: 10.18276/cej.2016.4-02
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ

Issue archive / Vol. 16, No. 4/2016
Physical Activity of Polish and Turkish University Students as Assessed by IPAQ

Year of publication:2016
Page range:10 (13-22)
Keywords: IPAQ physical activity students
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:
Authors: Justyna Bednarek
University School of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland

Sylwia Pomykała
University School of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland

Monika Bigosińska
Department of Physical Education, Institute of Physical Education, State Higher Vocational School, Nowy Sącz, Poland

Zbigniew Szyguła
Department of Sport Medicine and Human Nutrition, Institute of Human Physiology, University School of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland

Abstract

Purpose: We examine physical activity levels of Polish and Turkish students to determine cross-cultural and gender differences in exercise habits. Methods: Our study assessed 50 students from Adnan Menderes University in Aydin, Turkey and 50 students from the University of Physical Education in Krakow, Poland. Physical activity was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ; short form). Results were expressed in MET-minutes/week (Metabolic Equivalent of Task). Results: More than half of the students (52%) engaged in moderate physical activity in the week prior to the survey, while a quarter of the students (37%) engaged in vigorous physical activity. Low levels of physical activity were reported by 11% of the students. Total physical activity per week, expressed in MET-minutes/week, was significantly higher for Polish students (5,953.51 MET) than for Turkish students (3,095.45 MET). Moderate physical activity was higher among Turkish students while vigorous physical activity was higher among Polish students. Physical activity contrasts were further exemplified between genders. Polish women engaged in significantly more (p < 0.05) total physical activity than Turkish women. Total physical activity, high-level physical activity, and moderate-level physical activity differences were not significant (p > 0.05) between Polish and Turkish men. Conclusion: Polish university students engage in more physical activity than students from Turkey. Men were more physically active in both countries. More than half of Turkish students do not meet minimum weekly physical activity the World Health Organization recommends for preserving health.
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