Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine

ISSN: 2300-9705     eISSN: 2353-2807     DOI: 10.18276/cej.2016.2-09
CC BY-SA   Open Access 

Issues list / Vol. 14, No. 2/2016
Physical Activity as Prevention of Chronic Illnesses in Seniors

Year Published:2016
Pages number:8 (79-86)
Keywords: chronic illnesses physical activity seniors
Authors: Mariusz Pietrzak
University of Szczecin, Faculty of Physical Education and Health Promotion, Department of Health Education

Katarzyna Sygit
University of Szczecin, Faculty of Physical Education and Health Promotion, Department of Health Promotion

Marian Sygit
University of Szczecin, Faculty of Physical Education and Health Promotion, Department of Health Education


Physical activity is of key importance in prevention of chronic illnesses, such as cardiovascular disease or metabolicvdiseases. Lack of regular workout in seniors favors the development of these diseases. It is, therefore, advisable to change one’s lifestyle and engage in regular workout in order to reduce the risk of chronic illnesses and disabilities. The aim of this paper is to present how important physical activity is in prevention of chronic illnesses in seniors.
Download file

Article file


1.Bild, D.E., Fitzpatrick, A., Fried, L.P., Wong, N.D., Haan, M.N., Lyles, M., Bovill, E., Polak, J.F., Schulz, R. (1993). Age-related trends in cardiovascular morbidity and physical functioning in the elderly: the Cardiovascular Health Study. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc., 41, 1047–1056.
2.Borowiak, E., Kostka, T. (2004). Predictors of quality of life in older people living at home and in institutions. Aging Clin. Exp. Res., 16, 212–220.
3.Borowiak, E., Kostka, T. (2006). Influence of chronic cardiovascular disease and hospitalisation due to this disease on quality of life of community-dwelling elderly. Qual. Life Res., 15, 1281–1289.
4.Di Bari, M., van de Poll-Franse, L.V., Onder, G. (2004). Antihypertensive medications and differences in muscle mass in older persons: the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc., 52, 961–966.
5.Evans, W.J. (1999). Exercise training guidelines for the elderly. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 31, 12–17.
6.Fiatarone, M.A., O’Neill, E.F., Doyle, N. (1994). Exercise training and nutritional supplementation for physical frailty in very elderly people. N. Engl. J. Med., 330, 1769–1775.
7.Forjasz, J., Nowak, M.A. (2015). The physical development, eating habits, and physical activity of children attending music school. Pol. J. Sport Tourism, 22, 172–181.
8.Gębka, D. Kędziora-Kornatowska, K. (2012). Korzyści z treningu zdrowotnego u osób w starszym wieku. Probl. Hig. Epidemiol., 93, 256–259.
9.Knoops, K.T.B., de Groot, L.G.M., Kromhout, D., Perrin, A.E. (2004). Mediterranean Diet, Lifestyle Factors, and 10-Year Mortality in Elderly European Men and Women: The HALE Project. JAMA, 292, 1433–1439.
10.Kostka, T., Lacour, J.-R., Bonnefoy, M. (2001). Response of blood lipids to physical exercise in elderly subjects. Prev. Cardiol., 4, 122–125, 131.
11.Kostka, T., Bogus, K. (2007). Independent contribution of overweight/obesity and physical inactivity to lower health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older subjects. Gerontol. Geriatr., 40, 43–51.
12.Kostka, T., Drygas, W., Jegier, A., Zaniewicz, D. (2009). Aerobic and anaerobic power in relation to age and physical activity in men. Int. J. Sports Med., 30, 225–230.
13.Korewicki, J. (2000). Heart failure in patients seeking medical help at outpatients clinics. Part I. General characteristics. Eur. J. Heart Fail., 2, 413–421.
14.Kulik, T.B., Janiszewska, M., Piróg, E., Pacian, A., Stefanowicz, A., Żołnierczuk-Kieliszek, D., Pacian, J. (2011). Sytuacja zdrowotna osób starszych w Polsce i innych krajach europejskich, Med. Ogólna, 17, 90–95.
15.Kurpas, D., Czech, T., Mroczek, B. (2012). Jakość życia pacjentów z cukrzycą – jakie znaczenie mają powikłania. Family Medicine & Primary Care Review., 14, 177–181.
16.Kurpas, D., Kusz, J., Jedynak, T., Mroczek, B. (2012). Ocena podejmowania zachowań zdrowotnych w grupie pacjentów chorych przewlekle. Family Medicine & Primary Care Review, 14, 183–185.
17.Leveille, S.G., Guralnik, J.M., Ferrucci, L., Langlois, J.A. (1999). Aging successfully until death in old age: opportunities for increasing active life expectancy. Am. J. Epidemiol., 149, 654–664.
18.Makowiec-Dąbrowska, T. (2012). Wpływ aktywności fizycznej w pracy i życiu codziennym na układ krążenia. Forum Med. Rodz., 6, 130–138.
19.Marchewka, A., Dąbrowski, Z., Żołądź, J. (2012). Fizjologia starzenia się. Profilaktyka i rehabilitacja, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
20.May, H.T., Muhlestein, J.B., Carlquist, J.F., Horne, B.D., Bair, T.L., Campbell, B.A., Kfoury, A.G., Lyon, A.G., Kim, H., Renlund, D.G. (2006). Relation of serum total cholesterol, C-reactive protein levels, and statin therapy to survival in heart failure. Am. J. Cardiol., 98, 653–658.
21.Pasek, T., Pasek, J., Sieroń, A. (2011). Leczenie ruchem (kinezyterapia) pacjentów w podeszłym wieku, Gerontol. Pol., 19, 68–76.
22.Papademetriou, V. (2005). Blood pressure regulation and cognitive function: A review of the literature. Geriatrics, 60, 20–24.
23.Psaltopoulou, T., Kyrozis, A., Stathopoulos, P., Trichopoulos, D., Vassilopoulos, D., Trichopoulou, A. (2008). Diet, physical activity and cognitive impairment among elders: the EPIC-Greece cohort (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition). Public Health Nutr., 11, 1054–1062.
24.Rowe, J.W., Kahn, R.L. (1997). Successful aging. Gerontologist, 37, 433–440.
25.Rywik, S.L., Wagrowska, H., Broda, G., Sarnecka, A., Pytlak, A., Polakowska, M., Drewla, J., Korewicki, J. (2000). Heart failure in patients seeking medical help at outpatients clinics. Eur J Heart Fail., 2, 413–421.
26.Lee, I.-M., Skerrett, J. (2001). Physical activity and all-cause mortality: what is the dose-response relation? Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 33, 459–471.
27.Sumukadas, D., Witham, M.D., Struthers, A.D., McMurdo, M.E. (2007). Effect of perindopril on physical function in elderly people with functional impairment: a randomized controlled trial. CMAJ, 177, 867–874.
28.Sygit, K. (2015). Fundamental significance of physical activity for seniors’ health. Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine, 4, 53–59.
29.The WHO (1997). Guidelines for promoting physical activity among older persons. J. Aging Phys. Activity, 5, 1–8.
30.Tinetti, M.E. (1986). Performance-oriented assessment of mobility problems in elderly. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc., 34, 119–126.