Acta Iuris Stetinensis

Wcześniej: Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Acta Iuris Stetinensis

ISSN: 2083-4373     eISSN: 2545-3181    OAI    DOI: 10.18276/ais.2020.31-06
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ  ERIH PLUS

Lista wydań / 3/2020 (31)
Arbitration in employment disputes - de lege ferenda comments 15 years after arbitration clauses in employment relations were introduced in the civil procedure

Autorzy: Radosław Skowron
Słowa kluczowe: employment dispute arbitration clause employment arbitration
Rok wydania:2020
Liczba stron:12 (95-106)
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:
Liczba pobrań ?: 65

Abstrakt

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the existing model of employment arbitration in Poland in force since 2005. According to Article 1164 of the Code of Civil Procedure, arbitra¬tion clauses in employment disputes can only be established once a dispute has already arisen. In reality, this post-dispute voluntary regulation has no practical value and employment ar- bitration is an instrument used extremely rarely in Poland. On the basis of examination of applicable laws, the author shows that in given factual and legal circumstances a reasonable employee and a reasonable employer shall seldom have a cause to simultaneously agree to arbitrate an already existing dispute. By applying the com- parative method at the same time, the paper examines possible criteria of distinguishing categories of disputes, agreements, persons and other conditions that would permit a valid arbitration clause in employment agreements. In conclusion, the author demonstrates that, firstly, the existing voluntary post-dispute employment arbitration model in Poland is a fictitious one and requires reform and, sec- ondly, that both a full elimination of arbitration clauses in employment agreements and a full arbitration clause for all future disputes are too blunt a tool not taking into account the real needs and requirements of today’s employees and employers. The author calls for a more nu- anced regulation of employment arbitration in Poland.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu

Bibliografia

1.Baran, K.W. (ed.), System prawa pracy. Tom I. Część ogólna, Warszawa 2017.
2.Bąba, M., Zapis na sąd polubowny w sporach z zakresu prawa pracy, “ADR. Arbitraż i Me¬diacja” 2009, No. 4(8).
3.Bingham, L., Employment arbitration: the repeat player effect, ‘‘Employee Rights and Employment Policy Journal’’ 1997, No. 1.
4.Colvin, A., The growing use of mandatory arbitration. Access to the courts is now bar- red for more than 60 million American workers, 27.09.2017, Economic Policy Institu- te, https://www.epi.org/files/pdf/135056.pdf.
5.Eisenberg, T. and Hill, E., Arbitration and litigation of employment claims: an empirical comparison, “Dispute Resolution Journal’’ 2003/2004, Vol. 58, No. 4.
6.Estreicher, S., Saturns for rickshaws: the stakes in the debate over predispute employment arbitration agreements, ‘‘Ohio State Journal on Dispute Resolution” 2001, Vol. 16, No. 3.
7.Flaga-Gieruszyńska, K., Sądownictwo polubowne w sprawach z zakresu prawa pracy, in: Góra-Błaszczykowska, A. and Antolak-Szymański, K. (eds.), Pozasądowe sposoby rozwiązywania sporów pracowniczych, Warszawa 2015.
8.Flejszar, R., Ugodowe rozwiązywanie sporów z zakresu prawa pracy, ‘‘Studia z Zakresu Prawa Pracy i Polityki Społecznej” 2010, No. 1.
9.Golat, R., Specyfika polubownego rozstrzygania sporów w stosunkach pracowniczych, ‘‘Służba Pracownicza” 2006, No. 9.
10.Mędrala, M., Zapis na sąd polubowny w sprawach z zakresu prawa pracy, ‘‘Studia z Za-kresu Prawa Pracy i Polityki Społecznej” 2007, No. 1.
11.Schmitz, A., Untangling the privacy paradox in arbitration, “University of Kansas Law Review’’ 2006, Vol. 54.
12.Schwab, S. and Thomas, R., An empirical analysis of CEO employment contracts: what do top executives bargain for?, ‘‘Washington and Lee Law Review’’ 2006, Vol. 63.
13.Sherwyn, D. (eds.), Assessing the case for employment arbitration: a new path for empiri-cal research, “Stanford Law Review’’ 2005, Vol. 57, No. 4.
14.Skąpski, M., Ochronna funkcja prawa pracy w gospodarce rynkowej, Kraków 2006.
15.Szlęzak, A. and Pałubicki, R., Pozasądowe sposoby rozwiązywania sporów pracowniczych. Uwagi ogólne, in: Góra-Błaszczykowska, A. and Antolak-Szymański, K. (eds.), Poza¬sądowe sposoby rozwiązywania sporów pracowniczych, Warszawa 2015.
16.Thomas, R. et al., Arbitration clauses in CEO employment contracts: an empirical and the- oretical analysis, “Vanderbilt Law Review’’ 2008, Vol. 63, No. 4.
17.Węgrzyn, A., Sądownictwo polubowne w sporach z zakresu prawa pracy, ‘‘Studia z Zakre¬su Prawa Pracy i Polityki Społecznej’’ 2007, No. 1.