Analiza i Egzystencja

ISSN: 1734-9923     eISSN: 2300-7621     DOI: 10.18276/aie.2016.33-04

Lista wydań / 33 (2016)
Bertranda Russella koncepcja monizmu neutralnego

Autorzy: Jacek Jarocki
Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski
Słowa kluczowe: Bertrand Russell problem umysł/ciało metafizyka monizm neutralnym świadomość
Rok wydania:2016
Liczba stron:20 (69-88)
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:


The metaphysical view of Bertrand Russell, called neutral monism, is not widely known today, although its impact on the contemporary debate over mind-body problem is clearly visible. The aim of this paper is to answer the question: what was Russell’s neutral monism? Firstly, I present the views of Russell’s predecessors – Ernst Mach and William James. Then, I discuss Russell’s own thought which can be divided into three phases. The initial phase is the rejection of neutral monism (mainly because of Russell’s commitments to epistemology). The second phase – I call it the first neutral monism – appears in The Analysis of Mind, where he proposes a deflationary theory of the object and the subject. The last, third phase – called the second neutral monism, initiated in 1927 in The Analysis of Matter and An Outline of Philosophy – introduces the notions of intrinsic and extrinsic properties. Finally, I suggest that the agnostic metaphysics of Russell is too reductive for a dualist and too mysterious for a materialist. However, it might be also true that Russell’s view is more epistemological than metaphysical, and the frames of (misleading) Cartesian dictionary of mind/matter may be too narrow for neutral monism to be pertinently interpreted.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu


1.Alter, T., Nagasawa, Y. (2012). What Is Russellian Monism? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 19 (9–10), 67–95.
2.Backhaus, W. (1991). Is Hume a Neutral Monist? Southwest Philosophy Review, 7 (2), 1–15.
3.Broad, C.D. (1925). The Mind and Its Place in Nature. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
4.Chalmers, D. (2008). Świadomość i jej miejsce w naturze. Tłum. R. Poczobut, T. Ciecierski, T. Szubka. W: M. Miłkowski, R. Poczobut (red.), Analityczna metafizyka umysłu. Najnowsze kontrowersje (s. 442–494). Warszawa: IFIS PAN.
5.Feigl, H. (1975). Russell and Schlick: A Remarkable Agreement on a Monistic Solution of the Mind-Body Problem. Erkenntnis, 9 (1), 11–34.
6.Gut, P. (2011). Spinoza o naturze ludzkiej. Lublin: Wydawnictwo KUL.
7.Jackson, F. (1982). Epiphenomenal Qualia. Philosophical Quarterly, 32 (1), 127–136.
8.James, W. (2012). Czy „świadomość” istnieje? W: W. James, Eseje o radykalnym empiryzmie (s. 27–49). Tłum. A. Grzeliński, K. Wawrzonkowski. Toruń: WN UMK.
9.Lockwood, M. (1981). What Was Russell’s Neutral Monism? Midwest Studies in Philosophy, 6, 143–158.
10.Mach, E. (1886/2009). Analiza wrażeń. Tłum. M. Miłkowski. Warszawa: PWN. Maxwell, G. (1979). Rigid Designators and Mind-Brain Identity. Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 9 (9), 365–403.
11.Montero, B. (2010). A Russellian Response to the Structural Argument Against Physicalism. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 17 (3–4), 70–83.
12.Nagel, T. (2008). Związek psychofizyczny. Tłum. R. Poczobut, T. Szubka. W: M. Miłkowski, R. Poczobut (red.), Analityczna metafizyka umysłu. Najnowsze kontrowersje (s. 394–441). Warszawa: IFIS PAN.
13.O’Connor, D. (1979). Russell’s Theory of Perception. W: G.W. Roberts (red.), Bertrand Russell Memorial Volume (s. 304–320). London: Allen & Unwin.
14.Popper, K. (1997). Nieustanne poszukiwania: autobiografia intelektualna. Tłum. A. Chmielewski. Kraków: Znak.
15.Russell, B. (1912). Review of William James’ Essays in Radical Empiricism. Mind, 21 (4), 571–575.
16.Russell, B. (1914). On the Nature of Acquaintance. II. Neutral Monism. The Monist, 24 (2), 161–187.
17.Russell, B. (1914/2009). Our Knowledge of the External World. New York: Rout- ledge.
18.Russell, B. (1915/1949). The Ultimate Constituents of Matter. W: B. Russell, Mysticism and Logic, and Other Essays. London: George Allen & Unwin.
19.Russell, B. (1919/2010). The Philosophy of Logical Atomism. W: B. Russell, The Philosophy of Logical Atomism (s. 1–125). London, New York: Routledge.
20.Russell, B. (1921). The Analysis of Mind. London: George Allen & Unwin. Russell, B. (1927/1939). Zarys lozo i. Tłum. J. Hosiasson. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo J. Przeworskiego.
21.Russell, B. (1927/1954). The Analysis of Matter. New York: Dover.
22.Russell, B. (1946). Reply to Criticism. W: P.A. Schlipp (red.), The Philosophy of Bertrand Russell (s. 679–742). Evanston: Illinois.
23.Russell, B. (1948). Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits. London: George Allen & Unwin.
24.Russell, B. (1956). Portraits from Memory. New York: Simon and Schuster. Russell, B. (1956/1975). My Philosophical Development. London: George Allen
25.& Unwin.
26.Russell, B. (1992). Theory of Knowledge: The 1913 Manuscript. London: Routledge.
27.Russell, B. (1998). Autobiografia 1914–1944. Tłum. A. Podzielna. Warszawa: Czytelnik.
28.Stace, W.T. (1946). Russell’s Neutral Monism. W: P.A. Schlipp (red.), The Philosophy of Bertrand Russell (s. 351–384). Evanston: Illinois.
29.Snowdon, P. (2005). Neutral Monism. W: T. Honderich (red.), The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (s. 652). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
30.Tully, R. (1993). Three Studies of Russell’s Neutral Monism. Russell, 13 (1), 5–35.
31.Tully, R. (2003). Russell’s Neutral Monism. W: N. Griffin (red.), The Cambridge Companion to Bertrand Russell (s. 332–370). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
32.Wishon, D. (2015). Russell on Russellian Monism. W: T. Alter, Y. Nagasawa (red.), Consciousness in the Physical World (s. 91–118). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
33.Żegleń, U. (2003). Filozofia umysłu. Dyskusja z naturalistycznymi koncepcjami umysłu. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek.