Analiza i Egzystencja

ISSN: 1734-9923     eISSN: 2300-7621     DOI: 10.18276/aie.2017.39-02
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ  DOAJ

Lista wydań / 39 (2017)
Rational vs. Mystical Readings of Aristotle’s Nous Poietikos Introduction to the Subject and Overview of Central Positions

Rok wydania:2017
Liczba stron:17 (19-35)
Słowa kluczowe: nous poietikos mystical and rational readings Aristotle psychology God/Deity immortality intellectual soul unio mystica
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:
Autorzy: Sonia Kamińska
Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Instytut Filozofii

Abstrakt

In my paper, I will give an overview of the readings of nous poietikos, the active intellect from De Anima. Sadly, Aristotle describes it in a cryptic way, which resulted in many different theories. I will order them by introducing a division into “mystical” and “rational”. The mystical ones are rooted in a view that nous poietikos does not belong to particular human beings, but is identical with Deity or a divine sphere. According to the rational readings it is our cognitive tool and through its activity we can learn about the Deity and emulate it. The mystics are: Eudemus, Avicenna, Averroes, from the newer philosophers E. Zeller and from the contemporary ones – V. Caston. The rationalists are: Theophrastus, Thomas Aquinas, the XIXth century Aristotelian revival and from the contemporary thinkers – A. Kosman.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu

Bibliografia

1.Aristotle (2003). Dzieła wszystkie. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
2.Aristotle (2017). On the Soul. Retrieved from: http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/
3.soul.3.iii.html (10.01.2017).
4.Aristotle (1963). On the Soul. Trans. J.A. Smith. In: W.D. Ross (ed.), The Works
5.of Aristotle, vol. 3. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
6.Brentano, F. (1978). Aristotle and his World View. Trans. R. George, R.M. Chisholm.
7.Berkeley: University of California Press.
8.Brentano, F. (1911a). Aristoteles Lehre vom Ursprung des menschlichen Geistes.
9.Leipzig: Quelle & Meyer.
10.Brentano, F. (1911b). Aristoteles und seine Weltanschauung. Leipzig.
11.Brentano, F. (1977). The Psychology of Aristotle. Trans. R. George. Berkeley:
12.University of California Press.
13.Caston,V. (1999). Aristotle’s Two Intellects: A Modest Proposal. Phronesis, 44,
14.199–227.
15.Gerson, L.P. (2004). The Unity of Intellect in Aristotle’s De Anima. Phronesis,
16.4 (XLIX), 348–373.
17.Kamińska, S. (2014a). Franz Brentano and His Competing World Views. Philosopher’s
18.Choice Between Science and Religion. Studia Religiologica, 4 (47),
19.285–294.
20.Kamińska, S. (2014b). The Alleged Activity of Active Intellect – A Wild Goose
21.Chase or a Puzzle to be Solved. Zagadnienia Filozoficzne w Nauce, 54, 79–126.
22.Kamińska, S. (2012). What Can Grow from the Divine Seed? The Divinity of Human
23.Beings According to Aristotle. Studia Religiologica, 3 (45), 173–182.
24.Kosman L.A. (1992). What Does the Maker Mind Make? In: M.C. Nussbaum, A. Oksenberg
25.Rorty (eds.), Essays on Aristotle’s De Anima (pp. 334–358). Oxford:
26.Oxford University Press.
27.Macfarlane, P., Polansky, R. (2009). God, the Divine, and Νοῦς in Relation to the
28.“De Anima”. In: G. Van Riel, P. Destrée (eds.), Ancient Perspectives on Aristotle’s
29.“De Anima” (pp. 107–123). Leuven: Leuven University Press,
30.Modrak, D.K.W. (1991). The Nous-Body Problem in Aristotle. The Review of Metaphysics,
31.4, 755–774.
32.Reale, G. (1990). A History of Ancient Philosophy: The Schools of the Imperial Age.
33.Trans. J.R. Catan. New York: SUNY Press.
34.Sorabji, R. (2006). Self, Ancient and Modern Insights about Individuality, Life, and
35.Death. Chicago: University of Chicago University Press.
36.Thomas Aquinas (1998). Selected Writings. London: Penguin Books Limited.
37.Thomas Aquinas (1999). Sententia libri De anima, Thomas Aquinas: a Commentary
38.on Aristotle’s De Anima. Trans. R. Pasnau. New Haven–London: Yale Library
39.of Medieval Philosophy, Yale University Press.
40.Twardowski, K. (2009). Die Unsterblichkeitsfrage (The Problem of Immortality).
41.Manuscript lecture notes, Spring Semester 1894/5, Vienna University,
42.pp. 227. Online at http://www.elv-akt.net. Now edited by Michał Sepioło as
43.Die Unsterblichkeitsfrage, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo WFiS UW, Twardowski
44.Archives, Biblioteka IFiS PAN.
45.Twardowski, K. (1895a). Filozofia współczesna o nieśmiertelności duszy. Przełom,
46.1 (14), 427–438.
47.Twardowski, K. (1895b). Metafizyka duszy. Przełom, 1 (15) 1895, 467–480.
48.Zeller, E. (1886). Outlines of the History of Greek Philosophy. Trans. S.F. Alleyne,
49.E. Abbott. London: Longmans Green Co.
50.Wisnovsky, R. (2005). Avicenna and Avicennian Tradition. In: P. Adamson,
51.R.C. Taylor (eds.), Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy (pp. 92–136).
52.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.