Analiza i Egzystencja

ISSN: 1734-9923     eISSN: 2300-7621     DOI: 10.18276/aie.2020.50-04
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ  DOAJ

Lista wydań / 50 (2020)
The Notion of Existence in Jean-Paul Sartre's and Karl Jaspers’ Philosophy in the Literary Context of "Anna Karenina"

Autorzy: Marta Chojnacka
asystent, Zakład Estetyki, Instytut Filozofii, Wydział Humanistyczny, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika
Słowa kluczowe: Egzystencja Karl Jaspers Jean-Paul Sartre Karenina ludzkie istnienie sytuacja Dasein
Rok wydania:2020
Liczba stron:20 (59-78)
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:


This paper attempts to explain the notion of existence on the basis of a specific literary example. Firstly, we will analyze this concept in the thought of two most prominent representatives of existentialism: Karl Jaspers and Jean-Paul Sartre. Despite striking differences in the way both thinkers understand the notion of existence, they complement each other. I characterize the approach of each philosopher, indicating the sources of their differences and points where they meet. In the next step I will apply the concept of existentialism to a specific literary example of the existence of Anna Karenina.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu


1.1. Armstrong, J. (1988). The Unsaid Anna Karenina. London: The Macmillan Press.
2.2. Bakewell, S. (2017). At The Existentialist Café: Freedom, Being, and Apricot Cocktails. London: Vintage.
3.3. Barnes, W. (1968). The Philosophy and Literature of Existentialism. New York: Barron’s Educational Series.
4.4. Breyer, T. Fuchs, T. Mundt Ch. (2014). Karl Jaspers’ Philosophy and Psychopathology. Berlin: Springer.
5.5. Cabestan, P. (2007). L’être et la conscience. Recherches sur la psychologie et l’ontophénoménologie sartriennes. Bruxelles : Elisses.
6.6. Depraz, N. (2002). Le statut de la description dans L’esquisse d’une théorie des émotions, [in:] “Alter. Revue de phénoménologie”, no 10.
7.7. Fruteau de Laclos, F. (2012). La psychologie des philosophes de Bergson à Vernant. Paris : PUF.
8.8. Hegel, G. (2010). The Science of Logic. trans. G. di Giovanni, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
9.9. Howells, Ch. (1988). Sartre. The Necessity o Freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
10.10. Januszkiewicz, M. (1988). Tropami egzystencjalizmu w literaturze polskiej XX wieku. O prozie Aleksandra Wata, Stanisława Dygata i Edwarda Stachury [Existentialism in Polish Literature in the XXth century. On the Aleksander Watt, Stanisław Dygat and Edward Stachura Prose]. Poznań : Poznańskie Studia Polonistyczne.
11.11. Jaspers, K. (1946). Allgemeine Psychopathologie. Berlin: Springer.
12.12. Jaspers, K. (1969). Philosophie, Volume I. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
13.13. Kaufmann, W. (1960). Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre. New York: Meridian Books.
14.14. Koschany R. (2016). Przypadek. Kategoria egzystencjalna i artystyczna w literaturze i filmie [The Chance. Existential and Artistic Category in Literature and Movie Picture]. Toruń: Wydawnictwo Naukowe UMK.
15.15. Malantschuk. G. (2003). Kierkegaard's Concept of Existence. Wisconsin: Marquette University Press.
16.16. Portuondo, G. (2016). Jaspers, Husserl, Kant: Boundary Situations as a "Turning-Point". [in:] „Existenz. An International Journal in Philosophy, Religion, Politics, and the Arts”. Volume 11, No 1.
17.17. Puszko, H. (1993). Sartre: filozofia jako psychologia egzystencjalna [ Sartre: Philosophy as an Existential Psychology]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.
18.18. Rodriques, C. (2005). Communication in Theory and the Problem of Communication according to Karl Jaspers. (
19.19. Sartre, J.-P. (1962). Sketch for a Theory of the Emotions, trans. P. Mairet. London: Methuen & CO LTD.
20.20. Sartre, J.-P. (2003). Being and Nothingness. trans. H. E. Barnes. London: Routledge.
21.21. Sartre, J.-P. (2010). Esquisse d’une théorie des émotions. Préface D’Arnaud Tomès. Paris: Hermann.
22.22. Tolstoy, L. (1940). Anna Karenina, trans. C. Garnett. ebook version.