Acta Biologica

Wcześniej: Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Acta Biologica

ISSN: 1230-3976     eISSN: 2353-3013     DOI: 10.18276/ab.2015.22-03
CC BY-SA   Open Access 

Lista wydań / No. 22
Selective acceptance of Brassicaceous plants by the peach potato aphid Myzus persicae: a case study of Aurinia saxatilis

Rok wydania:2015
Liczba stron:10 (40-49)
Słowa kluczowe: glucosinolates, probing behavior, EPG, Chinese cabbage, kohlrabi, basket of gold
Autorzy: Katarzyna Dancewicz
Department of Botany and Ecology, University of Zielona Góra, Szafrana 1, 65-516 Zielo- na Góra, Poland

Beata Gabryś
Department of Botany and Ecology, University of Zielona Góra, Szafrana 1, 65-516 Zielo- na Góra, Poland

Hong Phuong Tran Thi
Department of Botany and Ecology, University of Zielona Góra, Szafrana 1, 65-516 Zielo- na Góra, Poland

Anna WróbleWska-Kurdyk
Department of Botany and Ecology, University of Zielona Góra, Szafrana 1, 65-516 Zielo- na Góra, Poland

Abstrakt

The probing behavior of Myzus persicae (Sulz.) was examined on the ornamental plant Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desv. that has not been known as a host of M. persicaein nature, and compared to the behavior on cultivated plants of the genus brassica, B. rapa L. ssp. pekinensis L. and B . oleracea var. gongyloides, that are known hosts to this aphid. The purpose was to determine whether A. saxatilis can be exploited by M. persicaethus providing a potential refuge for the aphid population. The EPG (Elelctrical Penetration Graph) study demonstrated that on A. saxatilis, M. persicae showed mainly non-probing activities that occupied 70% of experimental time. The remaining time, which was probing, consisted mainly of pathway activities divided into numerous short probes not reaching beyond 1–2 cell layers and very few aphids reached phloem vessels. None aphid was able to ingest sap in a sustained way. In contrast, on bBassica plants, the probing of M. persicaewas rarely interrupted, all aphids reached sieve elements elements and ingested sap for long and uninterrupted periods. It is postulated that high content of glucosinolates in the outer tissues of A. saxatilis leaves may be responsible for the termination of M. persicae probing at the very early stage, thus preventing the contact with vascular elements and the ingestion of phloem  sap. In consequence, A. saxatilisis rejected as a host plant by M. persicae.
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